Back to Journals » Patient Preference and Adherence » Volume 9

Desire for prenatal gender disclosure among primigravidae in Enugu, Nigeria

Authors Okeke TC, Enwereji J, Okoro O, Iferikigwe E, Ikeako L, Ezenyeaku C, Adiri C

Received 5 November 2014

Accepted for publication 8 January 2015

Published 11 March 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 429—433


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 6

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Tochukwu C Okeke,1 Jamike O Enwereji,1 Onyemaechi S Okoro,1 Eric S Iferikigwe,1 Lawrence C Ikeako,2 Cyril C Ezenyeaku,2 Charles O Adiri1

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Anambra State University Teaching Hospital, Awka, Nigeria

Background: Prenatal gender disclosure is a nonmedical fetal ultrasonography view, which is considered ethically unjustified but has continued to grow in demand due to pregnant women’s requests.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of primigravidae who want prenatal gender disclosure and the reasons for it.
Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of randomly selected primigravidae seen at Enugu Scan Centre. The women were randomly selected using a table of random numbers.
Results: Ninety percent (225/250) of 250 primigravidae who fulfilled the criteria for inclusion in this study wanted to know the gender of their unborn baby, while 10% (25/250)
declined gender disclosure. Furthermore, 62% (155/250) of primigravidae had preference for male children. There was statistically significant desire for male gender (P=0.0001). Statistically significant number of primigravidae who wanted gender disclosure did so to plan for the new baby (P=0.0001), and those that declined gender disclosure “leave it to the will of GOD” (P=0.014).
Conclusion: Ninety percent of primigravidae wanted gender disclosure because of plans for the new baby, personal curiosity, partner and in-laws’ curiosity; moreover, some women wanted to test the accuracy of the findings at delivery and 62% of primigravidae had preference for male children. In view of these results, gender disclosure could be beneficial in this environment.

Keywords: gender disclosure, prenatal ultrasonography, pregnant women, Enugu, Nigeria

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]