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Desire for prenatal gender disclosure among primigravidae in Enugu, Nigeria

Authors Okeke TC, Enwereji J, Okoro O, Iferikigwe E, Ikeako L, Ezenyeaku C, Adiri C

Received 5 November 2014

Accepted for publication 8 January 2015

Published 11 March 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 429—433

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S77029

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 6

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Tochukwu C Okeke,1 Jamike O Enwereji,1 Onyemaechi S Okoro,1 Eric S Iferikigwe,1 Lawrence C Ikeako,2 Cyril C Ezenyeaku,2 Charles O Adiri1

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Anambra State University Teaching Hospital, Awka, Nigeria


Background: Prenatal gender disclosure is a nonmedical fetal ultrasonography view, which is considered ethically unjustified but has continued to grow in demand due to pregnant women’s requests.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of primigravidae who want prenatal gender disclosure and the reasons for it.
Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of randomly selected primigravidae seen at Enugu Scan Centre. The women were randomly selected using a table of random numbers.
Results: Ninety percent (225/250) of 250 primigravidae who fulfilled the criteria for inclusion in this study wanted to know the gender of their unborn baby, while 10% (25/250)
declined gender disclosure. Furthermore, 62% (155/250) of primigravidae had preference for male children. There was statistically significant desire for male gender (P=0.0001). Statistically significant number of primigravidae who wanted gender disclosure did so to plan for the new baby (P=0.0001), and those that declined gender disclosure “leave it to the will of GOD” (P=0.014).
Conclusion: Ninety percent of primigravidae wanted gender disclosure because of plans for the new baby, personal curiosity, partner and in-laws’ curiosity; moreover, some women wanted to test the accuracy of the findings at delivery and 62% of primigravidae had preference for male children. In view of these results, gender disclosure could be beneficial in this environment.

Keywords: gender disclosure, prenatal ultrasonography, pregnant women, Enugu, Nigeria

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