Dependence of the severity of the systemic inflammatory response on resistance to hypoxia in male Wistar rats
Received 16 November 2018
Accepted for publication 22 January 2019
Published 11 March 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 73—86
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Ning Quan
Dzhuliia Sh Dzhalilova,1 Anna M Kosyreva,1 Mikhail E Diatroptov,1 Elena A Ponomarenko,1 Ivan S Tsvetkov,1 Natalia A Zolotova,1 Vladimir A Mkhitarov,2 Dmitry N Khochanskiy,1 Olga V Makarova1
1Department of Immunomorphology of Inflammation, Federal State Budgetary Institution “Science Research Institute of Human Morphology”, Moscow, Russia; 2Department of Informatics and Morphometry, Federal State Budgetary Institution “Science Research Institute of Human Morphology”, Moscow, Russia
Purpose: The aim of the study was to characterize the severity of the systemic inflammatory response induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in animals with different resistance levels to hypoxia.
Materials and methods: Two to three months old male Wistar rats (220–240 g) were divided according to hypoxia tolerance in a hypobaric chamber. After a month, they were injected intraperitoneally with Escherichia coli LPS at a dose of 1.5 mg/kg. After 3, 6 and 24 hours of LPS injection, we studied the levels of IL-1β, C-reactive protein (CRP) and TGF-β in the serum, the expression of Hif-1α and Nf-kb in the liver, morphological disorders in the lung and ex vivo production of IL-10 by splenic cells activated by ConA.
Results: In the early periods after the injection of LPS, increase in Nf-kb expression in the liver was observed only in the rats susceptible to hypoxia. After 6 hours of LPS injection, the number of neutrophils in the interalveolar septa of the lungs of rats susceptible to hypoxia was higher than in tolerant rats. This points to the development of more pronounced LPS-induced inflammation in the rats susceptible to hypoxia and is accompanied by increased expression of Hif-1α in the liver after 6 hours of LPS administration, serum IL-1β level after 3 hours and CRP level after 24 hours. The production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 by the spleen was significantly decreased after 6 hours of LPS injection only in the animals tolerant to hypoxia. After 24 hours of LPS injection, a significant decrease in serum TGF-β level occurred in the rats tolerant to hypoxia in comparison with the control group, which improved the survival rates of the animals.
Conclusion: We have demonstrated the differences in the severity of the LPS-induced inflammatory response in male Wistar rats with different resistance levels to hypoxia. Rats susceptible to hypoxia are characterized by a more pronounced inflammatory response induced by LPS.
Keywords: tolerant, susceptible, hypoxia, inflammation, SIRS, lipopolysaccharide, Hif-1α, Nf-kb
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