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Delivery of a chemotherapeutic drug using novel hollow carbon spheres for esophageal cancer treatment

Authors Zhang L, Yao M, Yan W, Liu X, Jiang B, Qian Z, Gao Y, Lu XJ, Chen X, Wang Q

Received 31 May 2017

Accepted for publication 29 July 2017

Published 11 September 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 6759—6769

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S142916

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lakshmi Kiran Chelluri

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun


Li Zhang,1,* Mengchu Yao,2,3,* Wei Yan,4,* Xiaoning Liu,5 Baofei Jiang,6 Zhaoye Qian,2,3 Yong Gao,2,3 Xiao-jie Lu,7 Xiaofei Chen,2 Qi-long Wang2,3,5

1Department of Hematology, 2Department of Clinical Oncology, 3Huai’an Key Laboratory of Esophageal Cancer Biobank, 4Department of Gastroenterology, 5Department of Central Laboratory, 6Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Huai’an First People’s Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Huai’an, 7Liver Transplantation Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract:
Low toxicity and high efficacy are the key factors influencing the real-world clinical applications of nanomaterial-assisted drug delivery. In this study, novel hollow carbon spheres (HCSs) with narrow size distribution were developed. In addition to demonstrating their ease of synthesis for large-scale production, we also demonstrated in vitro that the HCSs possessed high drug-loading capacity, lower cell toxicity, and optimal drug release profile at low pH, similar to the pH in the tumor microenvironment. The HCSs also displayed excellent immunocompatibility and could rapidly distribute themselves in the cytoplasm to escape lysosomal clearance. More importantly, the HCSs could efficiently deliver doxorubicin (a representative chemotherapeutic drug) to tumor sites, which resulted in significant inhibition of tumor growth in an esophageal xenograft cancer model. This also prolonged the circulation time and altered the biodistribution of the drug. In conclusion, this study revealed a novel drug delivery system for targeted tumor therapy.

Keywords: hollow carbon spheres, drug delivery, doxorubicin, esophagus carcinoma

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