Decreased survival in patients with carcinoma of axillary tail versus upper outer quadrant breast cancers: a SEER population-based study
Received 11 February 2018
Accepted for publication 21 March 2018
Published 14 May 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 1133—1141
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Leylah Drusbosky
Zong-Chao Gou,1,2,* Xi-Yu Liu,1,2,* Yi Xiao,1,2 Shen Zhao,1,2 Yi-Zhou Jiang,1,2 Zhi-Ming Shao1–3
1Department of Breast Surgery, Cancer Institute, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Background: Carcinoma of the axillary tail of Spence (CATS) is a poorly studied type of breast cancer. The clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic features of CATS are unclear.
Methods: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, we identified 149,026 patients diagnosed with upper outer quadrant breast cancer (UOBC) (n=146,343) or CATS (n=2,683). The median follow-up was 88 months. The primary and secondary outcomes were breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival. The survival outcomes of UOBC and CATS were compared using competing risks analysis, log-rank test, Cox proportional hazards regression model, and propensity score matching method. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to present the relationship between CATS and lymph node (LN) metastasis.
Results: CATS presented a higher grade, higher negative hormone receptor rate, and more positive nodal metastasis. The 10-year BCSS rate was worse for CATS than for UOBC (85.1% vs 87.3%, P=0.001). The multivariate Cox analysis showed a higher hazard ratio (HR) for CATS over UOBC (BCSS: HR =1.20, P=0.001; overall survival: HR =1.11, P=0.019). The difference in the BCSS was also observed in a 1:1 matched cohort (BCSS P=0.019). A subgroup analysis revealed the inferior outcomes of CATS in the metastatic LN subgroup and the hormone receptor-negative subgroup. The multivariate logistic regression indicated that CATS is an independent contributing factor to LN metastasis.
Conclusion: CATS had distinct clinicopathological characteristics and was more likely associated with LN metastasis. Compared to UOBC, CATS had adverse impacts on BCSS.
Keywords: carcinoma of the axillary tail of Spence, upper outer quadrant breast cancer, breast cancer-specific survival, lymph node metastasis
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