Decreased Functional Capacity in Individuals with Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain: A Cross-Sectional Comparative Study
Received 1 May 2020
Accepted for publication 17 July 2020
Published 5 August 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1979—1986
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert B. Raffa
Roongtiwa Vachalathiti,1 Prasert Sakulsriprasert,1 Pathaimas Kingcha2
1Division of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand; 2Physical Therapy Center, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Correspondence: Roongtiwa Vachalathiti
Physical Therapy Center, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
Purpose: This study aimed to compare functional capacity tests between individuals with and without chronic non-specific low back pain and to investigate the effects of demographic data on functional capacity tests.
Methods: Thirty individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) and thirty healthy individuals underwent three functional capacity tests comprising functional reach test (FRT), five-time sit to stand test (5 TSST), and two-minute step test (2 MST). CNSLBP were assessed in pain intensity using a visual analog scale (VAS) and disability level using the modified Oswestry disability questionnaire (MODQ) Thai version.
Results: The results found significant differences in five-time sit to stand and two-minute step tests between individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain and healthy individuals. The mean differences between healthy and CNSLBP for the 5 TSST were − 3.24 seconds (95% CI=− 4.47–− 2.02) and for the 2 MST they were 13.13 steps (95% CI=2.62– 23.64). Age significantly influenced the 5 TSST (P=0.004) and 2 MST (P=0.008), while gender (P=0.028) and height (P=0.002) affected the FRT.
Conclusion: Individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain had lower functional capacity assessed by five-time sit to stand and 2-minute step tests compared to healthy individuals, and the therapeutic programs were emphasized. With increasing age, the 5 TSST and 2 MST would both be declined.
Keywords: physical examination, five-time sit to stand, two-minute step, functional reach
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]