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Decreased Functional Capacity in Individuals with Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain: A Cross-Sectional Comparative Study

Authors Vachalathiti R, Sakulsriprasert P, Kingcha P

Received 1 May 2020

Accepted for publication 17 July 2020

Published 5 August 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1979—1986

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S260875

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert B. Raffa


Roongtiwa Vachalathiti,1 Prasert Sakulsriprasert,1 Pathaimas Kingcha2

1Division of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand; 2Physical Therapy Center, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence: Roongtiwa Vachalathiti
Physical Therapy Center, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
Email roongtiwa.vac@mahidol.ac.th

Purpose: This study aimed to compare functional capacity tests between individuals with and without chronic non-specific low back pain and to investigate the effects of demographic data on functional capacity tests.
Methods: Thirty individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) and thirty healthy individuals underwent three functional capacity tests comprising functional reach test (FRT), five-time sit to stand test (5 TSST), and two-minute step test (2 MST). CNSLBP were assessed in pain intensity using a visual analog scale (VAS) and disability level using the modified Oswestry disability questionnaire (MODQ) Thai version.
Results: The results found significant differences in five-time sit to stand and two-minute step tests between individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain and healthy individuals. The mean differences between healthy and CNSLBP for the 5 TSST were − 3.24 seconds (95% CI=− 4.47–− 2.02) and for the 2 MST they were 13.13 steps (95% CI=2.62– 23.64). Age significantly influenced the 5 TSST (P=0.004) and 2 MST (P=0.008), while gender (P=0.028) and height (P=0.002) affected the FRT.
Conclusion: Individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain had lower functional capacity assessed by five-time sit to stand and 2-minute step tests compared to healthy individuals, and the therapeutic programs were emphasized. With increasing age, the 5 TSST and 2 MST would both be declined.

Keywords: physical examination, five-time sit to stand, two-minute step, functional reach

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