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Deaf adolescents in a hearing world: a review of factors affecting psychosocial adaptation

Authors Brice PJ, Strauss G

Received 11 December 2015

Accepted for publication 18 February 2016

Published 21 April 2016 Volume 2016:7 Pages 67—76

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S60261

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lucy Goodman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Steven Youngentob

Patrick J Brice, Gillie Strauss
 
Department of Psychology, Gallaudet University, Washington, DC, USA

Abstract: Adolescence has long been viewed as a time of rapid change in many domains including physical, cognitive, and social. Adolescents must adapt based on developing skills and needs and acclimate to growing environmental pressures. Deaf adolescents are often faced with the additional challenge of managing these adaptations in a hearing world, where communication and access to information, especially about their social world, are incomplete at best and nonexistent at worst. This article discusses the research on several factors that influence a deaf adolescent's adaptation, including quality of life, self-concept, and identity development. Gaps in our knowledge are pointed out with suggestions for future research programs that can facilitate optimal development in adolescents who are deaf.

Keywords: deaf, self-concept, identity, quality of life, adjustment

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