Day-to-Day Variability of Parameters Recorded by Home Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation for Detection of Severe Acute Exacerbations in COPD
Received 30 December 2020
Accepted for publication 4 March 2021
Published 22 March 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 727—737
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Weipeng Jiang,1,* Yencheng Chao,1,* Xiaoyue Wang,1 Cuicui Chen,1 Jian Zhou,1 Yuanlin Song1– 5
1Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Shanghai Respiratory Research Institute, Shanghai, 200032, People’s Republic of China; 3National Clinical Research Center for Aging and Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200000, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital, Qingpu Branch, Fudan University, Shanghai, 201700, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Jinshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, 201508, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Yuanlin Song
Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 21 64041990-2422
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Background: Home noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) can be considered not only as an evidence-based treatment for stable hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, but also as a predictor for detecting severe acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD).
Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we collected clinical exacerbations information and daily NPPV-related data in a cohort of COPD patients with home NPPV for 6 months. Daily changes in NPPV-related parameters’ variability prior to AECOPD were examined using two-way repeated measures ANOVA and individual abnormal values (> 75th or < 25th percentile of individual baseline parameters) were calculated during 7-day pre-AECOPD period. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the independent risk factors associated with AECOPD that then were incorporated into the nomogram.
Results: Between January 1, 2018, and January 1, 2020, a total of 102 patients were included and 31 (30.4%) participants experienced hospitalization (AECOPD group) within 6 months. Respiratory rate changed significantly from baseline at 1, 2 or 3 days prior to admission (p< 0.001, respectively) in the AECOPD group. The number of days with abnormal values of daily usage, leaks, or tidal volume during the 7-day pre-AECOPD period in the AECOPD group was higher than in the stable group (p< 0.001, respectively). On multivariate analysis, 7-day mean respiratory rate (OR 1.756, 95% CI 1.249– 2.469), abnormal values of daily use (OR 1.918, 95% CI 1.253– 2.934) and tidal volume (OR 2.081, 95% CI 1.380– 3.140) within 7 days were independently associated with the risk of AECOPD. Incorporating these factors, the nomogram achieved good concordance indexes of 0.962.
Conclusion: Seven-day mean respiratory rate, abnormal values of daily usage, leaks, and tidal volume within the 7-day pre-AECOPD period may be biomarkers for detection of AECOPD.
Keywords: noninvasive positive pressure ventilation, day-to-day variability, detection, acute exacerbations of COPD
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