CYP2C19*17 May Increase the Risk of Death Among Patients with an Acute Coronary Syndrome and Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation Who Receive Clopidogrel and Rivaroxaban
Received 16 October 2019
Accepted for publication 3 January 2020
Published 23 January 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 29—37
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin H. Bluth
DA Sychev,1 OA Baturina,2 KB Mirzaev,1 E Rytkin,1 DV Ivashchenko,1 DA Andreev,2 KA Ryzhikova,1 EA Grishina,1 PO Bochkov,1 RV Shevchenko1
1Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation; 2Sechenov University, Moscow, Russian Federation
Correspondence: E Rytkin
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation
Introduction: The aim of this study is to assess the influence of gene CYP2C19, CYP3A4, CYP3A5 and ABCB1 polymorphisms on clopidogrel antiplatelet activity, rivaroxaban concentration equilibrium, and clinical outcomes among patients with acute coronary syndrome and non-valvular atrial fibrillation.
Methods: In the multicenter prospective registry study of the efficacy and safety of a combined antithrombotic therapy 103 patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation both undergoing or not a percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled. The trial assessed the primary outcomes (major bleeding, in-hospital death, cardiovascular death, stroke ransient ischaemic attack, death/renal insufficiency) and secondary outcomes (platelet reactivity units (PRU), rivaroxaban concentration).
Results: For none of the clinical outcomes when combined with other covariates, the carriership of polymorphisms CYP3A5*3 rs776746, CYP2C19*2 rs4244285;*17 rs12248560, ABCB1 3435 C>T, ABCB1 rs4148738 was significant. None of the markers under study (CYP3A5*3 rs776746, CYP2C19*2 rs4244285, *17 rs12248560, ABCB1 3435 C>T, ABCB1 rs4148738) has proven to affect rivaroxaban equilibrium concentration in blood plasma among patients with atrial fibrillation and acute coronary syndrome.
Conclusion: In situations of double or triple antithrombotic rivaroxaban and clopidogrel therapy among patients with atrial fibrillation and acute coronary syndrome, the genetic factors associated with bleeding complications risk (CYP2C19*17) may prove to be clinically relevant.
Keywords: rivaroxaban, clopidogrel, polymorphism, atrial fibrillation, acute coronary syndrome
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