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Current perspectives on Mohs micrographic surgery for melanoma

Authors Beaulieu D, Fathi R, Srivastava D, Nijhawan RI

Received 28 October 2017

Accepted for publication 8 April 2018

Published 20 June 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 309—320


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg

Derek Beaulieu,1 Ramin Fathi,2 Divya Srivastava,2 Rajiv I Nijhawan2

1Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 2Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA

Abstract: Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS), a specialized surgical excision technique used primarily in the treatment of skin cancers, is tissue sparing and provides optimal margin control through evaluation of 100% of both the peripheral and deep margin. The use of MMS for the treatment of malignant melanoma (MM) and melanoma in situ (MIS) has been slow in gaining the same widespread acceptance that it has for keratinocyte carcinomas despite its cost-effectiveness and the growing body of evidence demonstrating similar or improved cure rates to standard wide local excision. However, modern advances in immunohistochemical staining have continued to greatly enhance the ability of Mohs surgeons to interpret MMS frozen sections of melanoma specimens – the primary concern of most opponents of MMS for melanoma. These advances, coupled with an increased recognition by professional organizations of the utility of MMS in treating MM and MIS, have led to a rise in the use of MMS for melanoma in recent years. Given the expanding role of MMS in the treatment of cutaneous melanoma, this manuscript will describe how MMS is performed, discuss the rationale and current evidence regarding the use of MMS for MM and MIS, review the immunohistochemical stains currently available for use in MMS, and consider special situations and future directions in this area of growing interest.

Keywords: Mohs micrographic surgery, melanoma, melanoma in situ, immunohistochemical stains, evidence, review

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