COVID-19 Preventive Measure Practices and Knowledge of Pregnant Women in Guraghe Zone Hospitals
Received 11 November 2020
Accepted for publication 15 December 2020
Published 7 January 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 39—50
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer
Yohannes Fikadu,1 Alex Yeshaneh,1 Tamirat Melis,2 Molalegn Mesele,3 Walellign Anmut,3 Muche Argaw1
1Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia; 2Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wachemo University, Hossana, Ethiopia; 3Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Yohannes Fikadu
Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is caused by a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus which emerged in Wuhan. Recently this virus has rapidly spread throughout Ethiopia. The current preventive measure practices and knowledge have gaps. Therefore this study aimed to assess COVID-19 preventive measure practices and knowledge of pregnant women in Guraghe Zone hospitals.
Methods and Materials: This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 27–August 27, 2020 among pregnant women in Guraghe zone hospitals. Systematic random sampling technique were employed to select 403 participants. Data were checked manually for completeness, cleaned, and stored in Epi Data and exported to SPSS for further analysis. Variables which have a P-value less than 0.25 on bivariate analysis were taken to multivariate analysis. A P-value of less than 0.05 and 95% confidence level was used as a cut-off point for presence of association in multivariate analysis.
Results: COVID-19 preventive measure practice and knowledge of pregnant women visiting Guraghe Zone hospitals was 76.2% and 54.84%, respectively. Those aged 20– 24 (AOR=1.22, 95% CI=1.15– 22.24), 25– 29 (AOR=1.32, 95% CI=1.20– 20.25), and 30– 34 (AOR=2.57, 95% CI– 2.32– 43.38) were more likely to practice COVID-19 preventive measures. Those residing in urban area (AOR=2.16, 95% CI=1.24– 3.77) and perceiving that COVID-19 is worst for people with chronic disease (AOR=5.12, 95% CI=1.73– 15.17) were more likely to practice COVID-19 preventive measures.
Conclusion: COVID-19 preventive measure practices and knowledge were low. Age, residence, and perception of COVID-19 on chronic disease were independent factors associated with preventive measure practices. Pregnant women aged ≥ 35 need to be counseled on practices of preventing COVID-19 by their healthcare providers.
Keywords: COVID-19, Guraghe Zone, pregnant women, 2020
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]