Costs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in urban areas of China: a cross-sectional study in four cities
Received 30 July 2016
Accepted for publication 20 September 2016
Published 19 October 2016 Volume 2016:11(1) Pages 2625—2632
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Xiaoying Chen,1,2 Na Wang,1,2 Yue Chen,3 Tian Xiao,1,2 Chaowei Fu,1,2 Biao Xu1,2
1Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, 2Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Purpose: The economic burden of COPD has not been well studied in China. This study investigated the total costs caused by COPD and the influencing factors for the high economic burden in urban areas of China.
Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 678 COPD patients in four cities in China in 2011. The average annual direct medical costs (DMCs), direct nonmedical costs (DNMCs), and indirect costs (ICs) on COPD were measured by median and mean (± standard deviation). Logistic regression model was used to explore factors related to high total costs on COPD.
Results: The median annual DMCs, DNMCs, and ICs per COPD patient were RMB 5565 Yuan (US$ 862), 0 Yuan (US$ 0), and 0 Yuan (US$ 0), respectively, and the mean annual DMCs, DNMCs, and ICs per COPD patient were RMB 11968 (±22422) Yuan [US$ 1853 (±3472)], 539 (±2092) Yuan [US$ 83 (±324)], and 2087 (±8110) Yuan [US$ 323 (±1256)], respectively. The annual DMCs, DNMCs, and ICs for diagnosed COPD patients were RMB 195.70 billion Yuan (US$ 30.30 billion), 8.78 billion Yuan (US$ 1.36 billion), and 34.10 billion Yuan (US$ 5.28 billion), respectively, in China. Hospitalization accounted for 56.7% of the total costs. High economic burden was significantly related to age, acute exacerbations, and disease severity in COPD patients.
Conclusion: COPD posed a heavy economic burden in China. Measures to delay the disease progression and to reduce the risks of acute exacerbation and hospitalization will help substantially lower the costs for COPD care.
Keywords: economic burden, hospitalization, acute exacerbations, disease severity
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