Back to Journals » International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease » Volume 15

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of a Once-Daily Single-Inhaler Triple Therapy for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Using the FULFIL Trial: A Spanish Perspective

Authors Schroeder M, Benjamin N, Atienza L, Biswas C, Martin A, Whalen JD, Izquierdo Alonso JL, Riesco Miranda JA, Soler-Cataluña JJ, Huerta A, Ismaila AS

Received 30 November 2019

Accepted for publication 24 May 2020

Published 10 July 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 1621—1632


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Melanie Schroeder,1 Nicole Benjamin,2 Laura Atienza,3 Chandroday Biswas,4 Alan Martin,5 John D Whalen,6 José Luis Izquierdo Alonso,7 Juan Antonio Riesco Miranda,8 Juan José Soler-Cataluña,9 Alicia Huerta,3 Afisi S Ismaila10,11

1Value Evidence and Outcomes, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Brentford, UK; 2Global Health Economics, ICON plc., Boston, MA, USA; 3Market Access, GlaxoSmithKline SA, Madrid, Spain; 4Global Health Economics, ICON plc., Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; 5Value Evidence and Outcomes, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Uxbridge, UK; 6Global Health Economics, ICON plc., Abingdon, UK; 7Pneumology, Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain; 8Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Servicio de Neumología, Hospital San Pedro de Alcántara, Cáceres, Spain; 9Pneumology Department, Hospital Arnau de Vilanova-Lliria (Valencia), Valencia, Spain; 10Value Evidence and Outcomes, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Collegeville, PA, USA; 11Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Correspondence: Afisi S Ismaila
GlaxoSmithKline Plc., 1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA 19426-0989, USA
Tel +1 (919) 315 8229

Purpose: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of once-daily fluticasone furoate/umeclidinium/vilanterol (FF/UMEC/VI) vs twice-daily budesonide/formoterol (BUD/FOR) in patients with symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at risk of exacerbations, from the Spanish National Healthcare System perspective.
Patients and Methods: The validated GALAXY-COPD model was used to simulate disease progression and predict healthcare costs, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) over a 3-year time horizon for a Spanish population. Patient characteristics from published literature were supplemented by data from FULFIL (NCT02345161), which compared FF/UMEC/VI vs BUD/FOR in patients with symptomatic COPD at risk of exacerbations. Treatment effects, extrapolated to 3 years, were based on Week 24 results in the FULFIL intent-to-treat population, including change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second, St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire score, and exacerbation rates. Treatment, exacerbations, and COPD management costs (2019€) were informed by Spanish public sources and published literature. A 3% discount rate for costs and benefits was applied. One-way sensitivity and scenario analyses, and probabilistic sensitivity analysis (PSA), were performed.
Results: FF/UMEC/VI treatment led to fewer moderate and severe exacerbations (2.126 and 0.306, respectively) vs BUD/FOR (2.608 and 0.515, respectively), with a mean incremental cost of € 69 and gain of 0.107 QALYs, which resulted in an ICER of € 642 per QALY gained. In sensitivity analyses, the ICER was most sensitive to treatment effect variations in exacerbations and healthcare resource utilization/event costs. Overall, 95% of 1000 PSA simulations resulted in an ICER less than € 11,000 per QALY gained for FF/UMEC/VI vs BUD/FOR, confirming robustness of the results. The probability of FF/UMEC/VI being cost-effective vs BUD/FOR was 100% at a willingness-to-pay threshold of € 30,000 per QALY gained.
Conclusion: At the accepted Spanish ICER threshold of € 30,000, FF/UMEC/VI represents a cost-effective treatment option vs BUD/FOR in patients with symptomatic COPD at risk of exacerbations.

Keywords: cost-utility analysis, health-related quality of life, incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, fluticasone furoate, vilanterol, umeclidinium

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]