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Cortisol and DHEAS Related to Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Schizophrenia

Authors Boiko AS, Mednova IA, Kornetova EG, Bokhan NA, Semke AV, Loonen AJM, Ivanova SA

Received 24 January 2020

Accepted for publication 28 March 2020

Published 22 April 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 1051—1058

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S247161

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder


Anastasiia S Boiko,1 Irina A Mednova,1 Elena G Kornetova,1,2 Nikolay A Bokhan,1,3 Arkadiy V Semke,1 Anton JM Loonen,4 Svetlana A Ivanova1,3

1Mental Health Research Institute, Tomsk National Research Medical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russian Federation; 2Hospital, Siberian State Medical University, Tomsk, Russian Federation; 3Psychiatry, Addictology and Psychotherapy, Siberian State Medical University, Russian Federation; 4PharmacoTherapy, -Epidemiology and -Economics, Groningen Research Institute of Pharmacy, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

Correspondence: Anton JM Loonen
PharmacoTherapy, Epidemiology and Economics, Groningen Research Institute of Pharmacy, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Tel + 31 50 363 7576
Fax + 31 50 363 2772
Email a.j.m.loonen@rug.nl

Background: Both dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEAS) and cortisol are secreted by the adrenal glands and may modulate metabolic syndrome (MetS), which often affects the health of patients with schizophrenia. The relationship between the serum levels of these hormones and MetS has not been established.
Purpose: In this pilot study, we investigated the serum levels in schizophrenia patients with and without MetS and compared them with those in healthy volunteers.
Patients and Methods: After obtaining informed consent, 110 patients with acute paranoid schizophrenia were recruited directly after admission to the Mental Health Research Institute. The control group consisted of 51 persons reported on questioning to be mentally and somatically healthy. Blood samples to prepare serum were drawn after an 8-h overnight fast during one of the first days of admission. Serum cortisol and DHEAS concentrations were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Results: A total of 42 patients had MetS and 68 patients were without MetS. The cortisol blood level was significantly (p = 0.012) higher in schizophrenia patients without MetS in comparison to healthy controls, while patients with schizophrenia and a MetS have significantly (p = 0.014) lower DHEAS levels than healthy volunteers. These differences could, however, exclusively be attributed to female participants. Analysis of covariance adjusted for gender and age demonstrated a significant relationship between age and DHEAS levels (F = 9.512, р = 0.003).
Conclusion: Lower DHEAS serum levels in relationship to MetS become evident in women, but not in men, and have age differences as a confounding factor.

Keywords: schizophrenia, metabolic syndrome, acute relapse, cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone, female

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