Back to Journals » Patient Preference and Adherence » Volume 14

Correlation Between Patients’ Medication Adherence and Their Psychological Contract with Hospital Pharmacists

Authors Mu X, Yin C, He X, Li H, Gong Y, Wei W, Zhang Y, Tang F

Received 22 May 2020

Accepted for publication 17 August 2020

Published 4 September 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1605—1613

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S264026

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu


Xingrui Mu,1– 3 Chengchen Yin,1– 3 Xing He,1– 3 Hongfang Li,1– 3 Yuansha Gong,4 Weipeng Wei,1– 3 Yan Zhang,1– 3 Fushan Tang1– 3

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563006, People’s Republic of China; 2The Key Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy in Zunyi City, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563006, People’s Republic of China; 3Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education and Joint International Research Laboratory of Ethnomedicine of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563006, People’s Republic of China; 4School of Nursing, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563006, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Fushan Tang
School of Pharmacy, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563006, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 851 2864 2337
Fax +86 851 2864 2334
Email fstang@vip.163.com

Objective: To investigate the correlation between patients’ medication adherence and their psychological contract with hospital pharmacists under the background of the pharmacist–patient relationship, providing a reference for improving the pharmacist–patient relationship and the patients’ medication adherence based on the patients’ psychological contract with the hospital pharmacists.
Materials and Methods: Some of the patients who received medication dispensing service at the outpatient pharmacies at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University were included and investigated as follows: 320 patients were included through the convenient sampling method for psychological contract and medication adherence questionnaire survey with the self-designed scales for patients’ psychological contract with the hospital pharmacists and their medication adherence. SPSS 17.0 was used for reliability and validity testing, correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis.
Results: The average score of the psychological contract was 3.80± 0.59. The average score of the patients’ medication adherence was 2.93± 0.70. The patients’ psychological contract with the pharmacists and its dimensions (the responsibility of competence, the responsibility of service, and the responsibility of humanistic care) were positively correlated with medication adherence (P< 0.05). The results of the multiple linear regression analysis showed that the effect of patients’ psychological contract with the pharmacists on medication adherence was statistically significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Outpatients’ psychological contract with the pharmacists is positively correlated with their medication adherence. Maintaining the patients’ psychological contract with the pharmacists may be an effective way to improve medication adherence.

Keywords: psychological contract, medication adherence, the relationship between pharmacists and patients

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]