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Correlation Between Depressive Symptoms And Quality Of Life, And Associated Factors For Depressive Symptoms Among Rural Elderly In Anhui, China

Authors Rong J, Chen G, Wang X, Ge Y, Meng N, Xie T, Ding H

Received 29 July 2019

Accepted for publication 18 October 2019

Published 4 November 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 1901—1910

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S225141

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Zhi-Ying Wu


Jian Rong,1,* Guimei Chen,1,* Xueqin Wang,2 Yanhong Ge,1 Nana Meng,1 Tingting Xie,1 Hong Ding1

1Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Medical Engineering, The Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Hong Ding
School of Health Management, Anhui Medical University, No. 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 551 516 1220
Fax +86 551 512 8754
Email dinghong2003@126.com

Purpose: We aimed to assess the current status of depressive symptoms and quality of life (QoL) among rural elderly in central China (Anhui Province) and explore their correlation and associated factors for depressive symptoms.
Methods: A multi-stage random sampling method was used to obtain 3349 participants (aged ≥60): 1206 poor and 2143 non-poor. The 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30) and five-dimensional European quality of health scale (EQ-5D) were employed to evaluate depressive symptoms and QoL, respectively.
Results: The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 52.9%, and that in the poor group (62.3%) was significantly higher than the non-poor group (47.6%). The GDS-30 score was 12.40 ± 7.089, and the poor group scored significantly higher (14.045 ± 6.929) than the non-poor group (11.472 ± 7.011). The EQ-5D score was 0.713 ± 0.186, and the poor group (0.668 ± 0.192) scored significantly lower than the non-poor group (0.738 ± 0.178). There was a significant negative correlation between depressive symptoms and QoL (r = −0.400, P-value <0.05). The following factors were associated with depressive symptoms: poverty, low EQ-5D score, female gender, older age, illiteracy, unemployed, chronic diseases, and hospitalization in previous year.
Conclusion: Rural elderly in central China have a high prevalence of depressive symptoms and low QoL. Poverty was associated with a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms and lower QoL.

Keywords: depressive symptoms, quality of life, rural elderly, central China

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