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Correlation between age and gender in Candida species infections of complete denture wearers: a retrospective analysis

Authors Loster JE, Wieczorek A, Loster BW

Received 7 July 2016

Accepted for publication 9 September 2016

Published 21 November 2016 Volume 2016:11 Pages 1707—1714

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S116658

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker

Jolanta E Loster,1 Aneta Wieczorek,1 Bartłomiej W Loster2

1Department of Dental Prosthetics, 2Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Dentistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland

Aim: Denture-related stomatitis is a disorder that often affects denture wearers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intensity, genera, and frequency of yeasts in the oral cavity of complete denture wearers in terms of subject gender and age.
Materials and methods: Nine hundred twenty patients (307 males and 613 females) with complete upper dentures were selected for the study and divided into four age groups: ≤50 years, 51–60, 61–70, and >70 years. Yeast samples were taken as a smear from the palate. The data were collected from January 15, 2007 to January 15, 2012.
Results: The distribution of the number of yeast colonies by gender was statistically significant (P=0.02). Across all subjects, there was a statistically significant relationship between the intensity of yeast growth and the gender (P=0.01). In every age group, the number of infection-free individuals was greater among males than females. Intermediate, intense, and abundant growth of yeast occurred most frequently in the youngest group of females.
Conclusion: The genera of Candida species and the frequency of yeast infection in denture wearers appear to be influenced by both age and gender. The complete denture wearers ≤50 years of age appeared to have the greatest proclivity to oral Candida infections.

Keywords: Candida albicans, Candida species, yeasts, denture-related stomatitis

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