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Consistent condom use in HIV/AIDS patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in northwestern Ethiopia: implication to reduce transmission and multiple infections

Authors Shewamene Z, Legesse B, Tsega B, Bhagavathula A, Endale A

Received 12 December 2014

Accepted for publication 19 February 2015

Published 13 April 2015 Volume 2015:7 Pages 119—124

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S79122

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Shenghan Lai

Zewdneh Shewamene,1 Befikadu Legesse,2 Bayew Tsega,3 Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula,3 Abyot Endale4

1Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia; 2Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia; 4Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is one of the greatest public health problems of sub-Saharan African countries. Consistent condom use, among others, remains the most effective barrier method against HIV transmission. However, existing reports on frequency of consistent condom use have targeted the general public, rather than HIV/AIDS patients due, to the assumption that condom use is not important in HIV-infected persons. Since consistent condom use among HIV/AIDS patients is vital, to prevent the virus transmission from the infected to noninfected as well as to prevent multiple infections among already infected persons, its frequency and determining factors need to be investigated.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2013 to May 2013 among 317 randomly selected patients who were currently taking antiretroviral therapy (ART). Logistic regressions were performed to examine predictors of consistent condom use.
Results: A total of 317 HIV/AIDS patients who were currently receiving ART participated in the study, and the mean age of the study population was 31.4 (standard deviation [SD] 10.5) years. Overall, 250 (78.9%) participants reported consistent condom use in the past 6 months. Of these, 140 (88.6%) were males and 110 (69.1%) females. Multivariate analysis indicated that respondents with an advanced level of education were more likely to report regular use of condoms (odds ratio [OR] 8.98; 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.06–14.45) compared with illiterate participants. Being male (OR 6.87; 95% CI 3.84–11.22), living in or around a town (OR 4.65; 95% CI 3.09–9.11), and taking ART for longer time (OR 3.91; 95% CI 2.07–6.25) were also positively associated with consistent condom use.
Conclusion: Females, patients living in rural areas, uneducated groups, and new ART users were less likely to use condoms consistently. The importance of consistent condom use should be well-addressed in HIV/AIDS patients, to prevent transmission and multiple infections of HIV.

Keywords: barrier method against HIV, patients on ART, Ethiopia

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