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Considerations and beliefs in tooth donation to research in Jordan

Authors Al Mortadi N, Khabour OF, Alzoubi KH

Received 27 August 2018

Accepted for publication 5 October 2018

Published 15 November 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 263—268

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCIDE.S185435

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Christopher E. Okunseri


Noor Al Mortadi,1 Omar F Khabour,2 Karem H Alzoubi3

1Department of Applied Dental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Applied Medical Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

Background: Research that involves dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) is growing rapidly. DPSCs can be used for the treatment of craniofacial bone abnormalities and tooth repair. The procedure requires a donation of sound teeth, which might be associated with ethical and moral issues. The purpose of this study was to understand the attitudes and awareness of patients with respect to the donation of their teeth to research.
Patients and methods:
This study involved 500 patients recruited from Dental Care and Dental Teaching Center in Irbid during May 2017–July 2017.
Results: A well-structured questionnaire was administered and prepared using Google forms and filled out using a tablet device. The majority of patients (62.8%) were willing to donate their teeth to research with significant association with educational level. Half of the patients considered that the donated tooth belongs to them even after extraction, whereas 19% believed that the researcher owns it after donation. Almost half (53.6%) of the participants wished to be informed about the type of scientific research that will be carried out on their teeth. The majority (66.5%) preferred to sign a consent document on tooth donation to research during the consultation visit before extraction. Finally, about 61% were worried that their tooth might be extracted for research purposes rather than medical purposes.
Conclusion: A good fraction of Jordanian is willing to donate their teeth to research. Educational programs are demanded to enhance the awareness and attitudes of patients on the ownership of extracted teeth, consent process, and donation of teeth.

Keywords:
stem cells, attitude toward ethical concerns, medical ethics, knowledge of ethical concerns, patient right, tooth donation, consent form

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