Concomitant Mutations in EGFR 19Del/L858R Mutation and Their Association with Response to EGFR-TKIs in NSCLC Patients
Received 28 March 2020
Accepted for publication 8 August 2020
Published 18 September 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 8653—8662
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly
Hengrui Liang,1,* Caichen Li,1,* Yi Zhao,1,* Shen Zhao,2,* Jun Huang,1 Xiuyu Cai,2,3 Bo Cheng,1 Shan Xiong,1 Jianfu Li,1 Wei Wang,1 Changbin Zhu,4 Weiwei Li,5 Jianxing He,1 Wenhua Liang1
1Department of Thoracic Surgery and Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of General Internal Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 4BGI Genomics, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, People’s Republic of China; 5BGI-Guangzhou Medical Laboratory, BGI-Shenzhen, Guangzhou 510006, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Jianxing He; Wenhua Liang
Department of Thoracic Surgery and Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, Guangzhou 510120, People’s Republic of China
Objective: Differences in efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) have been observed between non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with 19 exon deletion (19Del) and L858R mutation. We explored whether the total number or pattern of concomitant mutations of 19Del and L858R may explain their different sensitivities.
Patients and Methods: This study contained the mutational profiles of EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients from two cohorts: Guangzhou (G1) and database (G2). Concomitant mutation status and EGFR-TKI response information were retrieved.
Results: A total of 403 patients covered 283 genes in the G1 and 803 patients with a different gene set in the G2 were included. Similar prevalence of total concomitant mutation number was observed in both G1 ( 19Del 32.48% vs L858R 30.45%; P=0.68) and G2 ( 19Del 74.9% vs L858R 73.2%; P=0.65) cohorts. Only HGF/c-Met pathway same more related to L858R mutation. EGFR-TKI response information was recorded for 134 patients in the G2 cohort. 19Del showed a higher objective response (OR) rate compared with L858R, regardless of concomitant mutations. Compared to patients with OR, non-OR patients had more concomitant mutations, both in 19Del (53.8% vs 83.3%; P=0.021) and L858R (51.4% vs 77.8%; P=0.029). In particular, total concomitant mutations (OR=0.27; P=0.03), sensitive EGFR mutations (OR=2.21; P=0.04), and T790M (OR=0.244; P=0.02) significantly affected the TKI response.
Conclusion: Concomitant mutations were widespread in 19Del and L858R and were associated with poorer OR to EGFR-TKIs. However, 19Del and L858R had similar numbers and patterns of concomitant mutations, which might not explain the different sensitivity to EGFR-TKI.
Keywords: epidermal growth factor receptor mutation, 19Del, L858R, non-small cell lung cancer, concomitant mutation
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