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Comprehensive physical domain care needs of burn patients: a qualitative study

Authors Mohammadhossini S, Ahmadi F, Gheibizadeh M, Saki Malehi A, Zarea K

Received 14 May 2019

Accepted for publication 29 July 2019

Published 21 August 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 573—581

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S215517

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg


Sima Mohammadhossini,1 Fazlollah Ahmadi,2 Mahin Gheibizadeh,3 Amal Saki Malehi,4 Kourosh Zarea3

1Nursing & Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; 2Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran; 3Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, Nursing & Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; 4Biostatistics and Epidemiology Department, Public Health Faculty, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Correspondence: Kourosh Zarea
Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, Nursing & Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Postal Box 159, Ahvaz City, Khuzestan Province 61357-15794, Iran
Tel +98 916 615 4943
Email Zarea_k@ajums.ac.ir

Introduction: Burn patients have various physical needs. To provide full care for such patients, we need a broad range of services. The current study aims at showing the physical needs of burn patients.
Methods: The current qualitative study has been done through content analysis. The data were collected from 20 in-depth, unstructured individual interviews with hospitalized patients with burns on more than 25% of their body, nurses, physiotherapists, and psychologists. The participants were selected by purposive sampling. The data were analyzed with a conventional content analysis approach using the Elo and Kyngas method.
Results: By analyzing the data, 7 main categories were obtained from 932 primary codes: the necessity to provide optimal physiotherapy, the necessity of the patient’s overall physical assessment, the necessity of monitoring and coordination in care, healthy nutrition for burn patients, the need for pharmacotherapy, the need for pain reliefs, and finally the theme for comprehensive physical care needs in burn patients.
Conclusion: According to the findings, by applying the extracted categories, it is possible to provide quality care based on the patient’s individual needs. This can help speed up the treatment and shorten the length of hospitalization significantly.

Keywords: care needs, burn, physical domain, qualitative study

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