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Comparison of the clinical characteristics and comprehensive assessments of the 2011 and 2017 GOLD classifications for patients with COPD in China

Authors Hu YH, Liang ZY, Xu LM, Xu WH, Liao H, Li R, Wang K, Xu Y, Ou CQ, Chen X

Received 19 May 2018

Accepted for publication 30 July 2018

Published 28 September 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 3011—3019

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S174668

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Chunxue Bai


Yu-He Hu,1,* Zhen-Yu Liang,2,* Li-Mei Xu,1,* Wen-Hui Xu,1 Hao Liao,1 Rui Li,1 Kai Wang,1 Ying Xu,1 Chun-Quan Ou,3 Xin Chen1

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; 2State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; 3State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Department of Biostatistics, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Research, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objective: Compared with the 2011 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), there have been significant changes in the 2017 GOLD classification. The purpose of this study was to analyze the changes in clinical characteristics of the new A-B-C-D system and to explore its role in comprehensive assessment of COPD.
Subjects and methods: A total of 631 stable COPD patients were included in a cross-sectional survey. Data collected included baseline data and pulmonary function testing results, respiratory muscle strength, symptoms and quality of life, exercise capacity, nutritional status, and anxiety and depression as a comprehensive assessment. Based on the 2011 GOLD and 2017 GOLD classifications, patients were divided into Groups A1–D1 and Groups A2–D2, respectively.
Results: In the 2011 GOLD, 64 subjects in Group C1 were reclassified into Group A2 (41.6%), while 77 subjects in Group D1 were reclassified into Group B2 (27.1%). The old and new grading systems were somewhat consistent (Cohen’s kappa=0.6963, P<0.001). Lung function was lower, while the body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity index (BODE index) was higher in Group A2 than in Group A1 (P<0.001). In Group B2, lung function, 6-minute walking distance (6MWD), and respiratory muscle strength were significantly lower than in Group B1 (P<0.001), while the BODE index (P<0.001) was higher. In comprehensive assessment, subjects in Groups B2 and D2 had significantly lower lung function, 6MWD, respiratory muscle strength, quality of life, higher symptom scores, and BODE index than subjects in Group A2 (P<0.001). The differences between Group A2 and C2 were small.
Conclusion: Compared with the 2011 GOLD, the 2017 GOLD reclassified more patients into Groups A and B, those with significantly worse lung function and higher BODE index. In the comprehensive assessment of the new classification, Groups B and D may have greater disease severity. However, the effectiveness of the new grading system in predicting patient prognosis, and its guidance on the use of drugs, remains to be explored in future studies.

Keywords: COPD, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, comprehensive assessment

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