Comparison Of Expectations For Health Services Between Inpatients From Mental Health Department And Endocrinology Department In China
Received 22 July 2019
Accepted for publication 12 October 2019
Published 25 October 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1851—1860
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu
Qian Liu,1 Wei Zhou,1,2 Lu Niu,3 Yu Yu,4 Lizhang Chen,1,2 Bihua Luo,5 Shuiyuan Xiao1,2
1Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China; 2Hospital Administration Institute, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Social Psychiatry, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital), Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 4Division of Prevention and Community Research and the Consultation Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; 5Department of Metabolism and Endocrinology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Wei Zhou; Shuiyuan Xiao
Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, No. 87 Xiangya Street, Changsha, Hunan 410087, People’s Republic of China
Tel/fax +86 731 8480 5459
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Background: Patient expectations for health services refer to the anticipation or the belief about what should be encountered in the healthcare system. Understanding patient expectations can improve patient satisfaction and healthcare compliance. It is particularly important for patients with mental disorders, as greater healthcare compliance is required for them due to the chronic and relapsing nature of their diseases. However, little is known about expectations among Chinese patients with mental disorders.
Objective: To examine expectations for healthcare among patients with mental disorders and to compare them with those of patients with chronic physical diseases.
Patients and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among two inpatient groups, consecutively recruited from the Mental Health Department (MHD) and Endocrinology Department (ED) in one tertiary general hospital in Changsha, China. Patient expectations were measured by eight translated and modified vignettes of health system responsiveness. Group differences were compared using Chi-square tests for socio-demographic and clinical characteristics and Z-test for expectation rating. Logistic regression was performed to test whether group differences of expectations remained statistically significant after controlling for socio-demographic and clinical variables.
Results: Most patients from MHD rated scenarios in vignettes on communication, choice of provider, autonomy, and social support as “meeting expectations”, and rated scenarios in vignettes on prompt attention, dignity, confidentiality, and quality of basic amenities as “below expectations”. In comparison, patients from MHD had similar expectations with their counterparts from ED, for prompt attention, dignity, confidentiality, communication, choice of provider, and social support; however, patients from MHD had significantly lower expectations in quality of basic amenities and higher expectations in autonomy, after adjusting for socio-demographic and clinical factors.
Conclusion: Like their counterparts with physical diseases, patients with mental disorders also expect prompt attention, dignity, confidentiality, communication, choice of provider, and social support in their interaction with the healthcare system. Moreover, extra attention to autonomy is needed for patients with mental disorders to meet their expectations and improve patient satisfaction.
Keywords: patient expectations, responsiveness, mental health, China
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