Comparison of Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes in 27-Gauge versus 23-Gauge Vitrectomy Surgery
Received 23 March 2020
Accepted for publication 19 May 2020
Published 9 June 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1553—1558
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Omar A Saleh,1 Saif A Alshamarti,2 Nakhleh E Abu-Yaghi3
1Department of Ophthalmology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwanyah, Iraq; 3Department of Special Surgery/Ophthalmology Division, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Correspondence: Omar A Saleh
Department of Ophthalmology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, 3030 Ramtha Street, Irbid 22110, Jordan
Purpose: To compare characteristics, clinical outcomes and complication profiles of a cohort of patients undergoing 27-gauge versus 23-gauge vitrectomy surgery at a tertiary medical center in the Middle East.
Methods: This is a retrospective comparative study of indication-matched patients undergoing 27-gauge versus 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for a set of predetermined diagnoses. Data including indications for surgery, clinical exams, visual outcomes, and complications were documented and analyzed.
Results: A total of 22 patients who had 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy were compared with 44 patients who had 23-gauge surgery for matched indications by a single retina surgeon. Mean follow-up was 14 months after surgery. Indications included macular pucker, macular hole, and vitreous hemorrhage. Both the rate of hypotony at postoperative day 1 and the need for sclerotomy stitching at the end of surgery were significantly more frequent in 23-gauge compared to 27-gauge cases (25% in 23-gauge compared to 0% in 27-gauge (p=0.012) and 18% in the 23-gauge compared to 0% in the 27-gauge (p=0.045), respectively). The mean duration of surgery was similar among groups (35 mins in the 27-gauge group versus 39 mins in the 23-gauge group (p=0.116)), and all eyes achieved anatomic success. In the 27-gauge group, best-corrected visual acuity improved from a mean of 20/90 at baseline to a mean of 20/40 at 1 month (p=0.005) and in the 23-gauge group from a mean of 20/95 to 20/50 (p=0.001) with no statistical difference between the groups.
Conclusion: In this cohort of patients undergoing vitrectomy at a tertiary eye center, the rate of hypotony and the need for sclerotomy suturing were significantly less in the 27-gauge group versus the 23-gauge group. Surgical outcomes were similar in both study groups. The use of the novel 27-gauge instrument system is useful in selected vitreoretinal diseases and appears comparable to the widely used 23-gauge system.
Keywords: micro-incisional eye surgery, pars plana vitrectomy, sclerotomy, hypotony
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