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Comparison of Body-Image Dissatisfaction Among Chinese Children and Adolescents at Different Pubertal Development Stages

Authors Zhang Y, Li T, Yao R, Han H, Wu L, Wu X, Gao H, Sun L, Fu L

Received 17 December 2019

Accepted for publication 21 May 2020

Published 10 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 555—562

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S242645

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman


Yifei Zhang, Ting Li, Rongying Yao, Hui Han, Lu Wu, Xuesen Wu, Huaiquan Gao, Lili Sun, Lianguo Fu

Department of Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233030, Anhui, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Lianguo Fu Tel +86 13195529639
Fax +86 5523175215
Email lianguofu@163.com

Background: Body-image dissatisfaction among children and adolescent has become increasingly serious, and may be the result of staged differences in the puberty-development process. The aim of this study was to compare differences in body-image dissatisfaction among children and adolescents at different pubertal stages.
Methods: A total of 574 students aged 8– 15 years were recruited from two nine-year schools via stratified cluster sampling, their secondary sex characteristics and external genital development examined, and body-image cognition surveyed using the teenage body-image annoyance questionnaire. This questionnaire covers body-shape, gender, sexual organ, and appearance dissatisfaction. Lower scores indicate a more negative body image.
Results: Total, gender, and appearance-dissatisfaction scores in girls were significantly lower than in boys (P< 0.05); however, sexual organ–dissatisfaction scores in girls were significantly higher than in boys (P< 0.05). Girls’ gender-dissatisfaction scores before breast development Tanner II were higher than those after menarche (P< 0.05); however, girls’ sexual organ–dissatisfaction scores before breast development Tanner II were significantly higher than those after menarche (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: The girls were more dissatisfied with their gender and appearance than the boys, and the boys were more dissatisfied with their sexual organs than the girls. The girls were more dissatisfied with their sexual organs before breast development Tanner II and more dissatisfied with their gender after menarche.

Keywords: body image, self-perception, puberty, development, children, adolescents

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