Back to Journals » Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management » Volume 11

Comparative study on drug safety surveillance between medical students of Malaysia and Nigeria

Authors Abubakar AR, Ismail S, Rahman NIA, Haque M

Received 19 March 2015

Accepted for publication 6 May 2015

Published 30 June 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 1015—1025

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S85019

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh

Video abstract presented by AR Abubakar

Views: 98

Abdullahi Rabiu Abubakar, Salwani Ismail, Nor Iza A Rahman, Mainul Haque

Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Background: Internationally, there is a remarkable achievement in the areas of drug discovery, drug design, and clinical trials. New and efficient drug formulation techniques are widely available which have led to success in treatment of several diseases. Despite these achievements, large number of patients continue to experience adverse drug reactions (ADRs), and majority of them are yet to be on record.
Objectives: The purpose of this survey is to compare knowledge, attitude, and practice with respect to ADRs and pharmacovigilance (PV) between medical students of Malaysia and Nigeria and to determine if there is a relationship between their knowledge and practice.
Method: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey involving year IV and year V medical students of the Department of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin and Bayero University Kano was carried out. The questionnaire which comprised 25 questions on knowledge, attitude, and practice was adopted, modified, validated, and administered to them. The response was analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: The response rate from each country was 74%. There was a statistically significant difference in mean knowledge and practice score on ADRs and PV between medical students of Malaysia and Nigeria, both at P<0.000. No significance difference in attitude was observed at P=0.389. Also, a statistically significant relationship was recorded between their knowledge and practice (r=0.229, P=0.001), although the relationship was weak.
Conclusion: Nigerian medical students have better knowledge and practice than those of Malaysia, although they need improvement. Imparting knowledge of ADRs and PV among medical students will upgrade their practice and enhance health care delivery services in the future.

Keywords: drug safety, underreporting, medical students, KAP, Malaysia, Nigeria

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other articles by this author:

Internet use and addiction among medical students of Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia

Haque M, Rahman NAA, Majumder MAA, Haque SZ, Kamal ZM, Islam Z, Haque ATME, Rahman NIA, Alattraqchi AG

Psychology Research and Behavior Management 2016, 9:297-307

Published Date: 14 November 2016

Professionalism perspectives among medical students of a novel medical graduate school in Malaysia

Haque M, Zulkifli Z, Haque SZ, Kamal ZM, Salam A, Bhagat V, Alattraqchi AG, Rahman NIA

Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2016, 7:407-422

Published Date: 25 July 2016

Evaluation of doctors' performance as facilitators in basic medical science lecture classes in a new Malaysian medical school

Ismail S, Salam A, Alattraqchi AG, Annamalai L, Chockalingam A, Elena WP, Rahman NI, Abubakar AR, Haque M

Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2015, 6:231-237

Published Date: 31 March 2015

Perceptions of students in different phases of medical education of the educational environment: Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Rahman NIA, Aziz AA, Zulkifli Z, Haj MA, Mohd Nasir FHB, Pergalathan S, Hamidi MI, Ismail S, Simbak NB, Haque M

Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2015, 6:211-222

Published Date: 24 March 2015

Readers of this article also read:

Perioperative management of hemophilia patients receiving total hip and knee arthroplasty: a complication report of two cases

Tateiwa T, Takahashi Y, Ishida T, Kubo K, Masaoka T, Shishido T, Sano K, Yamamoto K

Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 2015, 11:1383-1389

Published Date: 15 September 2015

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010