Comparative heart failure profile over a 3-year period in a Romanian general hospital
Dana Pop,1 Oana Maria Penciu,1 Adela Viviana Sitar-Taut,2 Dumitru Tudor Zdrenghea1
1Department of Cardiology, Clinical Rehabilitation Hospital, "Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 2"Babes-Bolyai" University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Background: Heart failure (HF) has become an increasingly significant public health problem, associated with repeated hospitalizations, high costs, low quality of life, and decreased survival rate. The progress of the disease may be slowed if treatment is administered in accordance with current guidelines.
Objectives: To compare the clinical profile of HF patients in a Romanian general hospital over a 3-year period.
Methods and results: We studied two cohorts of patients admitted in the cardiology department of a rehabilitation hospital with a diagnosis of chronic HF New York Heart Association class II–IV. The first, in 2006, included 415 patients, 67.08 ± 10.59 years; the second, in 2009, included 500 patients, 67.31 ± 11.27 years. Considering all patients, the left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) was not statistically different in the two cohorts. Compared to the 2006 cohort, the 2009 female cohort had higher LVEF (60.49% ± 13.41% vs 64.42% ± 13.79%, P < 0.05), while males over 65 years of age had lower LVEF (52.75% ± 15.02% vs 54.37% ± 15.23%, P = NS). For females, the probability of having LVEF ,45% was higher in 2006 (odds ratio = 1.573). HF with preserved LVEF was more common in females, both in 2006 (78.2% vs 54.2%) and 2009 (87.2% vs 57.3%). In the 2009 cohort, LVEF was higher both in young patients (59.08% ± 14.22% vs 55.35% ± 14.92%) and patients ≥ than 75 years of age (62.28% ± 13.81% vs 56.79% ± 14.81%) compared to the 2006 cohort. Ischemic heart disease was the main underlying cause for HF in both cohorts.
Conclusion: HF appeared to have the same clinical profile over a 3-year period. Females diagnosed with HF showed higher rates of preserved LVEF.
Keywords: heart failure, profile, progress, LVEF
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