Back to Journals » OncoTargets and Therapy » Volume 6

Comparative study analyzing survival and safety of bevacizumab/carboplatin/paclitaxel and cisplatin/pemetrexed in chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced non-squamous bronchogenic carcinoma not harboring EGFR mutation

Authors Kader YA, Le Chevalier T, El-Nahas T, Sakr A

Received 29 March 2013

Accepted for publication 2 May 2013

Published 1 July 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 803—809

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S45906

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5


Yasser Abdel Kader,1 Thierry Le Chevalier,2 Tamer El-Nahas,1 Amr Sakr1

1Department of Clinical Oncology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 2Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, Paris, France

Purpose: The majority of Egyptian patients with lung cancer present at a late stage of the disease. Bevacizumab/carboplatin/paclitaxel, as well as cisplatin plus pemetrexed, are both standard regimens for advanced non-squamous bronchogenic cancer. This study compares both regimens, in terms of efficacy and toxicity profile, in Egyptian patients.
Patients and methods: This is a randomized Phase II study comparing toxicity profile and survival in 41 chemotherapy-naïve patients with stage IIIB or IV non-squamous NSCLC, with an ECOG performance status of 0 to 2. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation detection was performed prior to treatment of all patients. Patients in the first group received: bevacizumab 7.5 mg/m2 on Day 1 and Day 15; carboplatin area under the curve-5 on Day 1; and paclitaxel 60 mg/m2 on Day 1, Day 8, and Day 15 every 4 weeks. In the second group, patients received cisplatin 75 mg/m2 and pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks.
Results: The combination of bevacizumab/carboplatin/paclitaxel demonstrated higher Grade III–IV toxicity than cisplatin/pemetrexed regarding sensory/motor neuropathy (P = 0.06), DVT (P = 0.23), proteinuria (P = 0.23), and hypertension (P = 0.11), as well as Grade II alopecia (P = 0.001); however, no significant difference in toxicities between both arms was recorded regarding nausea and vomiting (P = 0.66), hematological toxicity, febrile neutropenia (P = 1) and fatigue (P = 0.66). Progression-free survival was similar for both treatment arms with a median of 6 months (P = 0.978). Overall median survival was comparable in both arms, 16.07 months versus 16.01 months (P = 0.89).
Conclusion: Bevacizumab/carboplatin/paclitaxel and cisplatin/pemetrexed provided meaningful and comparable efficacy in advanced non-squamous bronchogenic carcinoma not harboring EGFR mutation. No significant difference in toxicity was observed between both treatment arms, apart from bevacizumab/carboplatin/paclitaxel-related risks as DVT, hypertension, proteinuria, sensory/motor neuropathy, and alopecia.

Keywords: bevacizumab, non-small cell lung cancer, NSCLC, pemetrexed

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]