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Comorbidity as an independent prognostic factor in elderly patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma

Authors zhao H, Wang T, Wang Y, Yu Y, Wang X, Zhao Z, Yang H, Yan B, Wu X, Da W, Zhang Y

Received 4 August 2015

Accepted for publication 8 January 2016

Published 24 March 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 1795—1799

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S93687

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Manfred Beleut

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Daniele Santini


Haifeng Zhao,1,* Tengteng Wang,1,* Yafei Wang,1 Yong Yu,1 Xiaofan Wang,1 Zhigang Zhao,1 Hongliang Yang,1 Bei Yan,2 Xiaoxiong Wu,2 Wanming Da,3 Yizhuo Zhang1,*

1Department of Hematology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, 2Department of Hematology, First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, 3Department of Hematology, Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of comorbidities in the outcomes of patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in a Chinese population. Fifty-six newly diagnosed PTCL patients aged >60 years were enrolled in our institution between April 2008 and August 2014. Medical record details including clinical parameters, pathological status, and treatment were reviewed. Prognostic factors were assessed using univariate and multivariate analyses. Forty-one (73.2%) patients with PTCL, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), nine (16.1%) with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, and six (10.7%) with anaplastic large cell lymphoma were recruited in this study. Twenty-eight (50%) had at least one comorbidity. Univariate analysis showed that an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score of 2–4, the presence of B symptoms, an International Prognostic Index (IPI) score of 3–5, and a Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score ≥2 were significantly associated with shortened overall survival (OS), whereas the presence of B symptoms, an IPI of 3–5, and a CCI ≥2 were associated with worsened progression-free survival (PFS). Multivariate analysis indicated that a high CCI (≥2) and a high IPI (3–5) were poor independent prognostic factors for OS and PFS in the elderly patients with PTCL. Comorbidity was identified as a new independent poor prognostic factor for elderly patients with PTCL.

Keywords: comorbidity, peripheral T-cell lymphoma, OS, PFS, prognostic factor

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