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Community pharmacy: an untapped patient data resource

Authors Wright DJ, Twigg MJ

Received 29 October 2015

Accepted for publication 12 January 2016

Published 7 March 2016 Volume 2016:5 Pages 19—25

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IPRP.S83261

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amer Khan

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Jonathan Ling

Video abstract presented by Michael Twigg

Views: 70

David John Wright, Michael James Twigg

School of Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Abstract: As community pharmacy services become more patient centered, they will be increasingly reliant on access to good quality patient information. This review describes how the information that is currently available in community pharmacies can be used to enhance service delivery and patient care. With integration of community pharmacy and medical practice records on the horizon, the opportunities this will provide are also considered. The community pharmacy held patient medication record, which is the central information repository and has been used to identify non-adherence, prompts the pharmacist to clinically review prescriptions, identify patients for additional services, and identify those patients at greater risk of adverse drug events. While active recording of patient consultations for treatment over the counter may improve the quality of consultations and information held, the lost benefits of anonymity afforded by community pharmacies need to be considered. Recording of pharmacy staff activities enables the workload to be monitored, remuneration to be justified, critical incidents to be learned from, but is not routine practice. Centralization of records between community pharmacies enables practices to be compared and consistent problems to be identified. By integrating pharmacy and medical practice records, patient behavior with respect to medicines can be more closely monitored and should prevent duplication of effort. When using patient information stored in a community pharmacy, it is, however, important to consider the reason why the information was recorded in the first instance and whether it is appropriate to use it for a different purpose without additional patient consent. Currently, community pharmacies have access to large amounts of information, which, if stored and used appropriately, can significantly enhance the quality of provided services and patient care. Integrating the records increases opportunities to enhance patient care yet further. While community pharmacies have significant amounts of information available to them, this is frequently untapped.

Keywords: information, patient data, patient medication records, community pharmacy, patient services, primary care

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