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Community Disaster Resilience in the COVID-19 Outbreak: Insights from Shanghai’s Experience in China

Authors Zhang L, Zhao J, Liu J, Chen K

Received 25 September 2020

Accepted for publication 17 December 2020

Published 5 January 2021 Volume 2020:13 Pages 3259—3270


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto

Liwei Zhang,1 Ji Zhao,2 Jixin Liu,3 Kelin Chen4

1School of Public Administration, Jilin University, Changchun, People’s Republic of China; 2School of International and Public Affairs, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Marxism, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 4Institute of Urban Governance, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Kelin Chen
Institute of Urban Governance, Shenzhen University, Huiyuan Building, 3688 Nanhai Boulevard, Nanshan District, Shenzhen 518060, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 135 8192 9963

Purpose: Communities are central to the practice of public health emergency preparedness and response. This article mainly focuses on COVID-19 and discusses the formation and structure of community disaster resilience, which is an effective method for coping with such a public health emergency.
Methods: Based on the management of the COVID-19 outbreak in China, this article uses Shanghai’s experience to illustrate how a community disaster resilience was formed for risk management. Resorting to the analytical framework of risk city, principles of community disaster resilience are given.
Results: Four actions can be recommended based on Shanghai’s experience: 1) Applying a vulnerability analysis matrix for targeted risk governance, 2) empowering volunteer groups for emergency response, 3) policy and action for public health emergency prevention, and 4) risk communication for uncertainty-oriented planning.
Conclusion: Shanghai’s experience offers a reference to tackle the COVID-19 at the global level. The COVID-19 outbreak highlights that humans still face various unpredictable health risks in the future. Forming a connection-based resilience at the community level is an effective way to risk management.

Keywords: community resilience, risk management, collaborative network, COVID-19

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