Back to Journals » Clinical Interventions in Aging » Volume 14

Community-Acquired Acute Kidney Injury Induced By Drugs In Older Patients: A Multifactorial Event

Authors Robert L, Ficheur G, Gautier S, Servais A, Luyckx M, Soula J, Decaudin B, Glowacki F, Puisieux F, Chazard E, Beuscart JB

Received 3 June 2019

Accepted for publication 25 September 2019

Published 5 December 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 2105—2113

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S217567

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Laurine Robert,1 Grégoire Ficheur,2 Sophie Gautier,3 Alexandre Servais,1 Michel Luyckx,4 Julien Soula,1 Bertrand Decaudin,5 François Glowacki,6 François Puisieux,1 Emmanuel Chazard,2 Jean-Baptiste Beuscart1

1Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, EA2694, Lille, F-59000, France; 2Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, EA2694, Public Health Department, Lille, F-59000, France; 3Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, UMR 1171, Department of Pharmacology, Lille, F-59000, France; 4Univ. Lille, EA7365, F-59000 Lille, CH Denain, Department of Pharmacy, Denain, F-59220, France; 5Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, EA7365, Department of Pharmacy, Lille, F-59000, France; 6Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, EA4483 IMPECS, Department of Nephrology, Lille, F-59000, France

Correspondence: Laurine Robert
CERIM – EA 2694, Faculté de Médecine - Pôle Recherche, 1 Place de Verdun, Lille Cedex 59045 France
Email laurine.robert.etu@univ-lille.fr

Purpose: Community-acquired acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) is a frequent and severe adverse drug reaction (ADR) among older patients. The combination of drugs and other CA-AKI risk factors was barely evaluated. The objectives of our study were to both accurately identify CA-AKI induced by drugs in older patients, and to describe their combination with other risk factors.
Patients and methods: We conducted a retrospective, single-center study in a general hospital over a two-year period. An automated detection identified CA-AKI according to KDIGO criteria, amongst 4,767 eligible inpatient stays among patients aged 75 years or older. Two independent experts reviewed all CA-AKI events to adjudicate drug involvement (Naranjo scale), identify inappropriate prescriptions (STOPP criteria), evaluate avoidability (Hallas criteria) and identify combined risk factors.
Results: An expert review confirmed 713 CA-AKI (15.0% of inpatient stays) and determined that 419 (58.8%) CA-AKI were induced by drugs. A multifactorial cause (i.e., at least one drug with a precipitating factor) was found in 63.2% of drug-induced CA-AKI. Most of the drug-induced events were avoidable (66.8%), mainly in relation to a multifactorial cause.
Conclusion: Drug-induced CA-AKI were frequent, multifactorial events in hospitalized older patients and their prevention should focus on combinations with precipitating factors.

Keywords: adverse drug reactions, elderly, prevention, acute kidney injury

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]