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Combined Therapeutic Effects of 131I-Labeled and 5Fu-Loaded Multifunctional Nanoparticles in Colorectal Cancer

Authors Wu P, Zhu H, Zhuang Y, Sun X, Gu N

Received 9 May 2019

Accepted for publication 26 January 2020

Published 23 April 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 2777—2787

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S215137

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Mian Wang


Pingping Wu,1,2 Huayun Zhu,2 Yan Zhuang,2 Xiaofeng Sun,2 Ning Gu1

1State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biomaterials and Devices, School of Biological Sciences and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Medical Oncology, Jiangsu Cancer Hospital & Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research & The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210009, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Ning Gu
State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biomaterials and Devices, School of Biological Sciences and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 130 7253 2619
Email guning@seu.edu.cn

Background: Owing to its combined effects, the co-delivery of different therapeutics is a promising option for the treatment of cancer. In the present study, tumor-targeting poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid) (PEG-PLA) nanoparticles were developed for the transportation of two molecules, namely chemotherapeutic drug 5-fluorouracil (5Fu) and radionuclide iodine-131 (131I), in a single platform.
Methods: The obtained nanoparticles (Cetuximab [Cet]-PEG-PLA-5Fu-131I) were spherical (diameter approximately 110 nm) and pH-sensitive. The targeting effect of nanoparticles via Cet was confirmed in colorectal cancer cells using a fluorescent assay. The combined effects of Cet-PEG-PLA-5Fu-131I on cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated in colorectal cancer cells by Cell Counting Kit-8 and flow cytometry assays.
Results: Blank nanoparticles (Cet-PEG-PLA) showed good biocompatibility, and Cet-PEG-PLA-5Fu-131I nanoparticles were the most effective in terms of inhibition of cell viability and induction of apoptosis compared with monotherapy using Cet-PEG-PLA-5Fu or Cet-PEG-PLA-131I. In the xenograft mouse model, compared with using Cet-PEG-PLA-5Fu or Cet-PEG-PLA-131I alone, Cet-PEG-PLA-5Fu-131I nanoparticles exhibited prolonged circulation in the blood and accumulation in the tumor, thus resulting in enhanced antitumor efficacy. Additionally, combined radio-chemotherapy with Cet-PEG-PLA-5Fu-131I nanoparticles was associated with smaller tumor sizes than monotherapy, revealing the superior antitumor effects of Cet-PEG-PLA-5Fu-131I nanoparticles. These effects were further evidenced by histological and immunohistochemical analyses.
Conclusion: The multifunctional Cet-PEG-PLA-5Fu-131I nanoparticles are promising candidates for the co-delivery of 5Fu-mediated chemotherapy and 131I-mediated radiotherapy.

Keywords: PEG-PLA, 5Fu, 131I, drug delivery, radio-chemotherapy, colorectal cancer

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