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Co-rumination, anxiety, and maladaptive cognitive schemas: when friendship can hurt

Authors Carlucci L, D'Ambrosio I, Innamorati M, Saggino A, Balsamo M

Received 27 June 2017

Accepted for publication 22 February 2018

Published 11 April 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 133—144


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman

Leonardo Carlucci, Ines D’Ambrosio, Marco Innamorati, Aristide Saggino, Michela Balsamo

Department of Psychological Sciences, Health and Territory, “G. d’Annunzio” University, Chieti, Italy

Background: This study investigated maladaptive cognitive schemas as mediators of the relationship between co-rumination and anxiety.
Methods: Self-report measures of co-rumination, trait cognitive and somatic anxiety, and early maladaptive cognitive schemas were provided to a nonclinical sample of 461 young adults. Mediation of co-rumination and trait somatic and cognitive anxiety by each early maladaptive schema domain was tested using nonparametric, bootstrap-based resampling.
Results: Significant associations between co-rumination and trait and cognitive anxiety were mediated by schema domains related to Rejection and Disconnection, Overvigilance and Inhibition, and Impaired Autonomy. The association between co-rumination and somatic anxiety was mediated by domains related to Rejection and Disconnection and Impaired Autonomy.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that those who engage in co-rumination, potentially resulting in clinical levels of anxiety, might benefit from treatment that focuses on themes of rejection sensitivity and belonging, beliefs about autonomy, and when the anxiety is more cognitive, treatment that focuses on hypercriticalness and emotional inhibition too.

Keywords: anxiety, communication, domain, mediation, adults

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