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Co-Delivery of Paclitaxel and Doxorubicin by pH-Responsive Prodrug Micelles for Cancer Therapy

Authors Jiang Y, Zhou Y, Zhang CY, Fang T

Received 10 February 2020

Accepted for publication 18 April 2020

Published 11 May 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 3319—3331


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Anderson Oliveira Lobo

Yanhua Jiang,1 Yongjian Zhou,1 Can Yang Zhang,2 Te Fang1

1Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, People’s Republic of China; 2Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, Singapore 138602, Singapore

Correspondence: Te Fang Email

Background: It is of great significance to develop intelligent co-delivery systems for cancer chemotherapy with improved therapeutic efficacy and few side-effects.
Materials and Methods: Here, we reported a co-delivery system based on pH-sensitive polyprodrug micelles for simultaneous delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) and paclitaxel (PTX) as a combination chemotherapy with pH-triggered drug release profiles. The physicochemical properties, drug release profiles and mechanism, and cytotoxicity of PTX/DOX-PMs have been thoroughly investigated.
Results and Discussion: The pH-sensitive polyprodrug was used as nanocarrier, and PTX was encapsulated into the micelles with high drug-loading content (25.6%). The critical micelle concentration (CMC) was about 3.16 mg/L, indicating the system could form the micelles at low concentration. The particle size of PTX/DOX-PMs was 110.5 nm, and increased to approximately 140 nm after incubation for 5 days which showed that the PTX/DOX-PMs had high serum stability. With decrease in pH value, the particle size first increased, and thenwas no longer detectable. Similar change trend was observed for CMC values. The zetapotential increased sharply with decrease in pH. These results demonstrated the pHsensitivity of PTX/DOX-PMs. In vitro drug release experiments and study on release mechanism showed that the drug release rate and accumulative release for PTX and DOX were dependent on the pH, showing the pH-triggered drug release profiles. Cytotoxicity assay displayed that the block copolymer showed negligible cytotoxicity, while the PTX/DOX-PMs possessed high cytotoxic effect against several tumor cell lines compared with free drugs and control.
Conclusion: All the results demonstrated that the co-delivery system based on pH-sensitive polyprodrug could be a potent nanomedicine for combination cancer chemotherapy. In addition, construction based on polyprodrug and chemical drug could be a useful method to prepare multifunctional nanomedicine.

Keywords: pH-responsive, polyprodrug micelles, co-delivery, controlled release, cancer therapy

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