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Clinicopathological and survival analysis of uterine papillary serous carcinoma: a single institutional review of 106 cases

Authors Wang Y, Yu M, Yang JX, Cao DY, Shen K, Lang JH

Received 9 July 2018

Accepted for publication 8 September 2018

Published 25 October 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 4915—4928

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S179566

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Beicheng Sun


 
Yao Wang, Mei Yu, Jia-Xin Yang, Dong-Yan Cao, Keng Shen, Jing-He Lang

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to analyze clinicopathological features and to investigate the prognostic determinants in patients with uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC).
Materials and methods: A cohort of 106 UPSC patients diagnosed and treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2000 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used for survival analysis. Differences between categorical data were calculated by using the chi-squared test.
Results: The median follow-up was 29.0 months (range =2–170 months), with an overall recurrence rate of 35.8%. The coincidence rate between preoperative endometrial sampling and postoperative definitive pathology of hysteroscopy group was significantly higher than that of the dilation and curettage group (88.5% vs 65.0%, P=0.019). Adjuvant therapy-treated patients with stage I UPSC experienced significantly fewer recurrences than those receiving observation (P=0.003). Patients with advanced-stage UPSC who received combination therapy demonstrated a lower risk of local recurrence compared with those who received chemotherapy alone with a borderline significance (P=0.051). Elevated serum cancer antigen 125 level was associated with advanced-stage disease and recurrence (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, tumor stage and optimal cytoreduction were independent predictors of survival. In substage analysis, complete surgical staging was associated with better overall survival (OS; yes vs no, HR: 0.05 [95% CI: 0.01–0.51], P=0.037) in patients with stage I UPSC. As for advanced stage, paclitaxel–platinum chemotherapy regimen and optimal cytoreduction were independent favorable prognostic factors for progression-free survival (paclitaxel–carboplatin [TC] vs other; HR =0.38, P=0.010; yes vs no, HR =0.45, P=0.032) and OS (TC vs other, HR =0.38, P=0.022; yes vs no, HR =0.54, P=0.013).
Conclusion: In patients with stage I UPSC, complete staging was associated with better OS, and therefore, it should be performed in all patients. Tumor stage and optimal cytoreduction are the most significant prognostic factors. Recurrence can be improved in stage I patients treated with adjuvant therapy and in patients with advanced-stage disease treated with combined therapy. TC regimen may be the preferred regimen for chemotherapy.

Keywords: uterine serous carcinoma, surgical staging, adjuvant therapy, recurrence, prognosis


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