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Clinical utility of self-expanding stents in coronary artery disease

Authors Boddu A, Balmuri A, Kamalesh M

Received 16 February 2015

Accepted for publication 28 April 2015

Published 2 September 2015 Volume 2015:6 Pages 117—122


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Kones

Aditya R Boddu, Abilash R Balmuri, Masoor Kamalesh

Department of Cardiology, Krannert Institute of Cardiology, Richard L Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Abstract: The field of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has evolved considerably since the era of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with stenting has now become one of the cornerstones of treatment for coronary artery disease. The use of third-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) is currently the preferred method of treatment for different indications in patients with coronary artery disease. Self-expanding stents are routinely used in peripheral arterial disease, like external iliac and femoropopliteal percutaneous interventions. Self-expanding stents have been in use since the beginning of PCI. Although the first stent deployed was of the self-expanding variety, namely the Wallstent, balloon-expandable stents have become the stents of choice in the coronary arteries. The role of self-expanding stents in modern PCI is continuously evolving. This review discusses the utility of self-expanding stents in the treatment of specific subsets of coronary lesions.

Keywords: self-expanding stents, coronary artery disease, percutaneous coronary intervention, balloon-expandable stents, drug-eluting stents

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