Clinical usefulness of urine cytology in the detection of bladder tumors in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction
Authors Pannek J, Rademacher F, Wöllner J
Received 5 August 2017
Accepted for publication 3 November 2017
Published 1 December 2017 Volume 2017:9 Pages 219—223
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Dr Jan Colli
Jürgen Pannek, Franziska Rademacher, Jens Wöllner
Neuro-Urology, Swiss Paraplegic Center, Nottwil, Switzerland
Introduction: Screening for bladder cancer in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction is a challenge. Cystoscopy alone is not sufficient to detect bladder tumors in this patient group. We investigated the usefulness of combined cystoscopy and urine cytology.
Materials and methods: By a systematic chart review, we identified all patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction who underwent combined cystoscopy and urine cytology testing. In patients with suspicious findings either in cytology or cystoscopy, transurethral resection was performed.
Results: Seventy-nine patients (age 54.8±14.3 years, 38 female, 41 male) were identified; 44 of these used indwelling catheters. Cystoscopy was suspicious in 25 patients and cytology was suspicious in 17 patients. Histologically, no tumor was found in 15 patients and bladder cancer was found in 6 patients. Sensitivity for both cytology and cystoscopy was 83.3%; specificity was 43.7% for cytology and 31.2% for cystoscopy. One bladder tumor was missed by cytology and three tumors were missed by cystoscopy. If a biopsy was taken only if both findings were suspicious, four patients would have been spared the procedure, and one tumor would not have been diagnosed.
Conclusion: A combination of cystoscopy and urine cytology can improve bladder tumor detection rates and lower the number of unnecessary biopsies.
Keywords: bladder cancer, neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, urine cytology, cystoscopy
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