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Clinical significance of serum total oxidant/antioxidant status in patients with operable and advanced gastric cancer

Authors Du X, Zhang L, Zhang D, Yang L, Fan Y, Dong S

Received 12 October 2017

Accepted for publication 19 July 2018

Published 10 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 6767—6775


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Geoffrey Pietersz

Xue-Fang Du,1 Li-Li Zhang,1 De-Zhong Zhang,2 Lu Yang,1 Ying-Ying Fan,1 Shu-Ping Dong1

1Department of Gastroenterology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xin-Xiang Medical University, Henan, People’s Republic of China; 2Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xin-Xiang Medical University, Henan, People’s Republic of China

Purpose: Oxidative stress was significantly associated with the development of malignancies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of serum total oxidant/antioxidant status in operable advanced gastric cancer patients.
Materials and methods: A total of 284 patients who underwent curative resection for primary stage III gastric cancer were enrolled. Total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, and oxidative stress index (OSI) were evaluated within 24 hours before surgery, and compared with 120 healthy donors. The correlation between the OSI and survival outcome was analyzed by the Kaplan–Meier method with log-rank test and Cox’s regression methods, respectively.
Results: Mean OSI of gastric cancer patients was higher than healthy controls (1.41±0.96 vs 0.78±0.42, P<0.001). All patients were stratified into two groups using the optimal cutoff value (1.42) of OSI using a sensitivity of 94.1% and a specificity of 64.0% as optimal conditions from receiver operating curve analysis. Patients with an OSI ≥1.42 had poorer mean overall survival (45.6 vs 29.8 months, P=0.022) and mean recurrence-free survival (43.3 vs 28.1 months, P=0.011) than patients with an OSI <1.42 in univariate analysis, and OSI was also confirmed as an independent predictor for survival for gastric cancer in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 0.541; 95% CI: 0.127–1.102; P=0.01).
Conclusion: Preoperative OSI can be considered as an independent prognostic factor for operable and advanced gastric cancer.

Keywords: oxidative stress index, survival, gastric cancer

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