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Clinical significance of prognostic score based on age, tumor size, and grade in gastric cancer after gastrectomy

Authors Lu J, Chen Y, Liu Y, Ding J, Piao Z, Liu W

Received 19 April 2018

Accepted for publication 6 August 2018

Published 8 October 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 4279—4286

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S171663

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo


Jingfeng Lu,1,* Yi Chen,1,* Yanxia Liu,2,* Junbin Ding,1 Zhenhao Piao,1 Weiyan Liu1

1Department of General Surgery, Minhang Hospital, Fudan University, Minhang, Shanghai 201199, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Nursing, Minhang Hospital, Fudan University, Minhang, Shanghai 201199, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Postoperative management and survival of gastric cancer is mainly determined by pathologic TNM stage. However, gastric cancer is a heterogeneity group, and the survival is quite different even when they are in the same TNM stage. Moreover, TNM stage system does not grasp other important clinicopathologic factors to determine the survival. The aim of the present study is to propose and validate prognostic score based on age, tumor size, and grade.
Materials and methods: Patients diagnosed with gastric cancer in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database from 1988 to 2012 were included in the present study. Kaplan–Meier methods were adopted and multivariable Cox regression models were built for the analysis of long-term survival outcomes and risk factors.
Results: A total of 26,091 eligible patients diagnosed with noncardia gastric cancer were included in the study. In the univariate and multivariate survival analysis, age at diagnosis, tumor grade, and tumor size were validated as independent prognostic factors (P<0.05). Then, we proposed a prognostic score calculated from the number of risk factors, with 0, 1, and 2 points each given for favorable, intermediate, and poor prognostic categories of age (≤50, 50–70, and >70), grade (well, moderate, and poor differentiation), and size (≤3, 3–6, ≥7 cm). The prognostic score was verified as independent predictor in both univariate and multivariate survival analyses (P<0.001). In addition, nomograms on cause-specific survival were established according to prognostic factor and all other significant factors, and c-index was 0.715 (95% CI: 0.706–0.725).
Conclusion: Prognostic score based on age, tumor size, and grade is an independent predictor of survival after gastrectomy. The novel prognostic score can improve the accuracy of prediction for current TNM stage system. Patients who are with a high prognostic score should undergo extensive follow-up after surgery.

Keywords: gastric cancer, prognostic score, survival analysis

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