Back to Journals » Cancer Management and Research » Volume 10

Clinical significance and effect of MTDH/AEG-1 in bladder urothelial cancer: a study based on immunohistochemistry, RNA-seq, and in vitro verification

Authors Zhang Y, Zhang LJ, Dang YW, Li SH, Yan HB, Chen G

Received 11 June 2018

Accepted for publication 27 July 2018

Published 14 December 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 6921—6936


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Kenan Onel

Yu Zhang, 1,* Li-jie Zhang, 1,* Yi-wu Dang, 1 Sheng-hua Li, 2 Hai-biao Yan, 2 Gang Chen 1

1Department of Pathology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 530021, China; 2Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 530021, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Overexpression of metadherin/astrocyte elevated gene-1 (MTDH/AEG-1) has been implicated in various cancers. However, the clinical significance and the potential biological functions of MTDH/AEG-1 in bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) are not established.
Methods: In this study, the expression of MTDH/AEG-1in BUC was measured using the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and immunohistochemistry, together with a meta-analysis, to investigate the expression and diagnostic value of MTDH/AEG-1. The possible association between MTDH/AEG-1 expression and the viability, proliferation, and apoptosis in BUC cell lines (T24, HT1376, and RT4) was also assessed in vitro by viability, MTS, colony formation, and caspase-3/7 assays, as well as Hoechst 33342 and propidium iodide (PI) double staining.
Results: MTDH/AEG-1 expression was significantly higher in BUC tissues than in normal bladder tissues, according to the TCGA and immunohistochemistry results, and these findings were verified by the meta-analysis. Functional knockdown of MTDH/AEG-1 suppressed BUC cell growth and induced apoptosis. Bioinformatics analyses indicated an involvement of MTDH/AEG-1 in several processes, including RNA binding, protein transport, intracellular transport, and the insulin signaling pathway.
Conclusion: We hypothesize that MTDH/AEG-1 could play essential roles in BUC, especially in cell growth and apoptosis, via the insulin signaling pathway.”

Keywords: MTDH, AEG-1, bladder urothelial cancer, meta-analysis

This paper has been retracted.

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]