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Clinical profile of hypertension at a University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria

Authors Onwuchekwa AC, Chinenye S

Published 1 July 2010 Volume 2010:6 Pages 511—516

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S10245

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2


Arthur C Onwuchekwa, Sunday Chinenye

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

Background: Hypertension in Nigeria is a widespread problem of immense social and economic importance because of its high prevalence and the severity of its complications.

Aim: To define the morbidity and mortality pattern of hypertension at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH).

Method: Records of all patients admitted to the medical wards of the UPTH over a 5-year period with essential hypertension or any of its complications were retrieved from the ward and medical records and reviewed.

Result: A total of 780 hypertensive patients were reviewed, constituting 28.2% of all ­medical admissions. Only 424 (15.2%) had complete records and were analyzed. Record keeping was poor. There were 173 (41%) males and 251 (59%) females with a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. The ages ranged from 18 years to 100 years with a mean of 56.5 ± 16.2. Stroke was responsible for 169 (39.9%) hypertensive complications. Heart failure occurred in 97 (22%) cases while renal failure and encephalopathy accounted for 40 (9.4%) and 7 (1.7%) hypertensive complications respectively. There were 99 deaths out of which 51 (51.5%) were due to stroke, 14 (14.12%) were due to heart failure, and 12 (12.1%) were due to renal failure.

Conclusion: The contribution of systemic hypertension to the morbidity and mortality of adults at UPTH is quite significant.

Keywords: clinical profile, hypertension, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital

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