Clinical Outcomes And Risk Factors In Patients Circumcised By Chinese Shang Ring: A Prospective Study Based On Age And Types Of Penile Disease
Authors Wang H, Huang Z, Zhou J, Zhang X, Liang C
Received 12 May 2019
Accepted for publication 25 September 2019
Published 21 October 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 1233—1241
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang
Hui Wang,1–3 Zhenyu Huang,1–3 Jun Zhou,1–3 Xiansheng Zhang,1–3 Chaozhao Liang1–3
1Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People’s Republic of China; 2The Institute of Urology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People’s Republic of China; 3Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Genitourinary Diseases, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Chaozhao Liang
Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230022, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 551 6292 3440
Fax +86 551 6363 3742
Email [email protected]
Purposes: To explore the efficacy of circumcision with Chinese Shang Ring (CSR) in the different cohorts so that can obtain the best applicable population and manage complications better.
Methods: This study consisted of 657 patients who were circumcised with CSR in our institute between August 2017 and August 2018. All cases were followed up at post-operation for 3 to 15 months. The surgery time (ST), wound healing time (WHT), satisfaction with the appearance of postoperative penis and complications were collected and comparatively analyzed. Multivariate analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors associated with efficacy, which were presented by odd ratios and its 95% confidence index.
Results: All cases wore the CSR successfully. The ST and WHT respectively were 5.75 ± 2.27 mins and 21.15 ± 5.05 days. The long-term complications, total complications (TC), satisfaction and successful circumcision (SC) respectively were 5.30%, 11.70%, 97.70% and 94.70%. For TC and SC, there was a difference between phimosis and redundant foreskin (21.30% vs 6.20%, P<0.001 and 89.20% vs 97.8%, P<0.001, respectively). In terms of satisfaction and SC, adolescents were higher than children (98.70% vs 94.70%, P=0.035 and 96.80% vs 90.10%, P=0.024, respectively) but was similar to adults (98.70% vs 100.00%, P=0.071 and 96.80% vs 98.00%, P=0.257, respectively). The degree of pain and the incidence of wound dehiscence in adults was higher than adolescents (P<0.05). The phimosis (OR= 1.47, 95% CI=1.26–1.79, P<0.001) and childhood (OR= 1.13, 95% CI =1.06–1.36, P<0.001) were associated with poor efficacy.
Conclusion: The curative effect of circumcision by CSR in adolescents was similar to adults, both higher than that of children. However, adults have more severe pain and a higher probability of wound dehiscence in the later stage than adolescents. So, adolescence is probably the best time to be circumcised with CSR.
Keywords: redundant foreskin, phimosis, age, sizes, Chinese Shang Ring
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