Clinical Investigation of the Efficacy and Safety of Anlotinib with Immunotherapy in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer as Third-Line Therapy: A Retrospective Study
Authors Yang S, Zhang W, Chen Q, Guo Q
Received 8 September 2020
Accepted for publication 2 October 2020
Published 19 October 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 10333—10340
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Seema Singh
Shengjie Yang,1 Wenjie Zhang,1,2 Qing Chen,1 Qisen Guo1
1Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oncology, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, Shandong, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Qisen Guo
Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 440 Jiyan Road, Jinan, Shandong 250117, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 13869199681
Purpose: This study was designed to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of anlotinib with immunotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer as third-line therapy.
Patients and Methods: A total of 101 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who were treated with anlotinib combined with immunotherapy were evaluated for progression-free survival, objective response rate, and disease control rate. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the prognostic factors. The main adverse events were evaluated as per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0.
Results: Nineteen patients had partial response (18.8%), 61 had stable disease (60.4%), 31 had progressive disease (20.8%), and no patients achieved complete response (0%). The objective response rate was 18.8%, and the disease control rate was 79.2%. In all patients, the median progression-free survival was 6.7 months (95% confidence interval 6.13– 7.24 months). In Cox regression analysis, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score, smoking history and age were predictive indicators for anlotinib treatment efficacy. Treatment-related adverse events were tolerated.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated and confirmed the clinical effectiveness of anlotinib combined with immunotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer as third-line therapy.
Keywords: non-small cell lung cancer, anlotinib, immunotherapy, safety, efficacy
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