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Clinical evaluation of sivelestat for acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome following surgery for abdominal sepsis

Authors Tsuboko Y, Takeda, Mii, Nakazato, Tanaka, Uchida, Sakamoto A

Received 28 July 2012

Accepted for publication 6 September 2012

Published 10 October 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 273—278


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Yoshiaki Tsuboko,1 Shinhiro Takeda,1,2 Seiji Mii,1 Keiko Nakazato,1 Keiji Tanaka,2 Eiji Uchida,3 Atsuhiro Sakamoto1

1Department of Anesthesiology, Nippon Medical School, 2Intensive Care Unit and Cardiac Care Unit, Nippon Medical School Hospital, 3Department of Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan

Background: The efficacy of sivelestat in the treatment of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) has not been established. In part, this is due to the wide variety of factors involved in the etiology of ALI/ARDS. In this study, we examined the efficacy of sivelestat in patients with ALI/ARDS associated with abdominal sepsis.
Methods: The subjects were 49 patients with ALI/ARDS after surgery for abdominal sepsis. The efficacy of sivelestat was retrospectively assessed in two treatment groups, ie, a sivelestat group (n = 34) and a non-sivelestat group (n = 15).
Results: The sivelestat group showed significant improvements in oxygenation, thrombocytopenia, and multiple organ dysfunction score. The number of ventilator days (6.6 ± 6.1 versus 11.1 ± 8.4 days; P = 0.034) and length of stay in the intensive care unit (8.5 ± 6.2 versus 13.3 ± 9.5 days; P = 0.036) were significantly lower in the sivelestat group. The hospital mortality rate decreased by half in the sivelestat group, but was not significantly different between the two groups.
Conclusion: Administration of sivelestat to patients with ALI/ARDS following surgery for abdominal sepsis resulted in early improvements of oxygenation and multiple organ dysfunction score, early ventilator weaning, and early discharge from the intensive care unit.

Keywords: sivelestat, acute lung injury, acute respiratory distress syndrome, abdominal sepsis

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