Back to Journals » International Journal of General Medicine » Volume 13

Clinical Benefits of Piperacillin/Tazobactam versus a Combination of Ceftriaxone and Clindamycin in the Treatment of Early, Non-Ventilator, Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in a Community-Based Hospital

Authors Park GE, Ko JH, Ki HK

Received 14 July 2020

Accepted for publication 7 September 2020

Published 24 September 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 705—712


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Ga Eun Park,1 Jae-Hoon Ko,2 Hyun Kyun Ki1

1Division of Infectious Disease, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; 2Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea

Correspondence: Hyun Kyun Ki
Division of Infectious Diseases, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 120-1, Neungdong-Ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05030, Republic of Korea
Tel +82-2-2030-7546

Purpose: There is an increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms worldwide. Therefore, broad-spectrum antibiotics are recommended in the treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). However, it remains controversial whether patients with early onset, non-ventilator HAP (NV-HAP) should also be empirically treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. We compared the clinical benefit of ceftriaxone plus clindamycin vs piperacillin/tazobactam as the initial empirical treatment of adults with early NV-HAP.
Patients and Methods: Retrospective cohort study was conducted in adult patients who were diagnosed with early, NV-HAP between January 2013 and June 2017 at a community-based tertiary care hospital. Patients were eligible for inclusion if they had received empiric treatment with either ceftriaxone and clindamycin or piperacillin/tazobactam for at least 3 days. Patients with increased risk of MDR pathogens were excluded.
Results: A total of 89 patients were treated with ceftriaxone and clindamycin, while 124 received piperacillin/tazobactam. There were no significant differences between the two antibiotic groups with regard to median age, sex, or risk of pneumonia. The 30-day all-cause mortality did not differ significantly between the ceftriaxone plus clindamycin and piperacillin/tazobactam groups (4.5% vs 1.6%, P=0.202, respectively). However, in multivariate analysis, clinical failure was more frequent in the ceftriaxone plus clindamycin group than in the piperacillin/tazobactam group (HR 3.316; 95% CI, 1.589– 6918, P=0.001).
Conclusion: Treatment with piperacillin/tazobactam was more effective than that with ceftriaxone plus clindamycin in patients with early NV-HAP. This study supports the recent treatment recommendations that patients with early NV-HAP should be treated empirically with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Keywords: empirical antibiotics, hospital-acquired infection, pneumonia, multiple drug resistance

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]