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Clinical applications of dynamic functional musculoskeletal ultrasound

Authors Petscavage-Thomas J

Received 24 September 2013

Accepted for publication 4 November 2013

Published 20 February 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 27—39


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Jonelle Petscavage-Thomas

Department of Radiology, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, USA

Abstract: There is an increasing trend in medicine to utilize ultrasound for diagnosis of musculoskeletal pathology. Although magnetic resonance imaging provides excellent spatial resolution of musculoskeletal structures in multiple imaging planes and is generally the cross-sectional modality of choice, it does not provide dynamic functional assessment of muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Dynamic maneuvers with ultrasound provide functional data and have been shown to be accurate for diagnosis. Ultrasound is also less expensive, portable, and more readily available. This article will review the common snapping, impingement, and friction syndromes imaged with dynamic ultrasound. It will also discuss future areas of research, including musculoskeletal sonoelastography.

Keywords: snapping, dynamic, ultrasound, functional, musculoskeletal

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