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Circ_0067835 Knockdown Enhances the Radiosensitivity of Colorectal Cancer by miR-296-5p/IGF1R Axis

Authors Wang P, Sun Y, Yang Y, Chen Y, Liu H

Received 8 September 2020

Accepted for publication 24 December 2020

Published 18 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 491—502

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S281011

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Arseniy Yuzhalin


Peng Wang,1,* Yongmin Sun,2,* Yang Yang,1 Yanzhao Chen,1 Hui Liu1

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Hui Liu
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, No. 7, Weiwu Road, Jinshui District, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 371-65580334
Email wpsymw@163.com

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant cancers globally. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been implicated in the development of CRC. In this paper, we set to explore the precise action of circ_0067835 in CRC progression and radioresistance.
Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to evaluate the expression of circ_0067835, microRNA-296-5p (miR-296-5p) and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R). Western blot was used to measure the level of IGF1R protein. Cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, flow cytometry and caspase-3 activity assays, respectively. The direct relationship between miR-296-5p and circ_0067835 or IGF1R was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assays. Additionally, in vivo assays were applied to confirm the role of circ_0067835 in vivo.
Results: Exosomal circ_0067835 was upregulated in the serum of CRC patients after radiotherapy. Exosome-mediated circ_0067835 knockdown repressed cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, and enhanced cell apoptosis and radiosensitivity in vitro. Circ_0067835 sponged miR-296-5p to regulate IGF1R expression in CRC cells. Moreover, the knockdown of circ_0067835 regulated CRC cell behaviors by up-regulating miR-296-5p and down-regulating IGF1R in vitro. Furthermore, circ_0067835 knockdown diminished tumor growth and promoted cell radiosensitivity in vivo.
Conclusion: Circ_0067835 knockdown suppressed CRC progression and enhanced CRC cell radiosensitivity partially by the miR-296-5p/IGF1R axis. The findings established a rationale that targeting circ_0067835 might be a promising point for improving CRC treatment.

Keywords: exosomes, circ_0067835, IGF1R, miR-296-5p, colorectal cancer

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