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Changes in the Penetration Rate of Biosimilar Infliximab Within Japan Using a Japanese Claims Database

Authors Matsumoto T, Tsuchiya T, Hirano T, Laurent T, Matsunaga K, Takata J

Received 24 November 2020

Accepted for publication 7 February 2021

Published 25 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 145—153

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CEOR.S293698

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Samer Hamidi


Tsugumi Matsumoto,1,2 Takanori Tsuchiya,3 Takahiro Hirano,4 Thomas Laurent,4 Kazuhisa Matsunaga,1 Jiro Takata1

1Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan; 2Inflammation and Immunology Therapeutic Area Medical Affairs, Pfizer Japan Inc., Tokyo, Japan; 3Patient Impact Analysis, Outcome & Evidence, Corporate Affairs Health and Values, Pfizer Japan Inc., Tokyo, Japan; 4Clinical Study Support Inc., Nagoya, Japan

Correspondence: Jiro Takata
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, 8-19-1, Nanakuma, Jonan-Ku, Fukuoka, 814-0180, Japan
Tel +81 92-871-6631
Fax +81 92-871-663
Email [email protected]

Purpose: Infliximab, which was approved in 2002, had its first biosimilar launched in 2014 across Japan. However, the penetration rate of this biosimilar remains unclear given the limited data regarding its current clinical use throughout Japan. This study was conducted to describe the current clinical characteristics of patients receiving infliximab and the penetration rate of the reference infliximab and/or biosimilar infliximab using a Japanese administrative claims database.
Patients and Methods: This retrospective, descriptive study utilized the Japan Medical Data Vision database, a nationwide hospital-based database. Data on patients receiving infliximab recorded from April 2008 to March 2019 were extracted from the database. Patient characteristics of the reference and biosimilar infliximab groups and penetration rates according to fiscal year, target diseases diagnosis, and subsidy for intractable diseases were examined.
Results: A total of 9735 patients were extracted for analysis, among whom 92% (n=8950) and 8% (n=785) received only reference infliximab and its biosimilar, respectively. Both groups exhibited similar clinical characteristics. The biosimilar penetration rate increased from 0.8% in 2014 to 22.5% in 2018, with overall penetration rates throughout the period according to diagnosis (with or without subsidy) being 14.4% (with, 4.1%; without, 16.4%), 4.7% (with, 3.7%; without, 10.6%), 5.7% (with, 4.5%; without, 13.5%), and 7.5% (with, 4.4%; without, 8.2%) for rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and psoriasis, respectively.
Conclusion: Biosimilar infliximab is prescribed for patients with similar characteristics to reference infliximab. Despite the increasing penetration rates according to target disease, they remain much lower among patients receiving subsidy for intractable disease than among those who do not.

Keywords: intractable disease, biologics, TNF-α, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease

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