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Celiac plexus block increases quality of life in patients with pancreatic cancer

Authors Molnár I, Hegyi G, Zsom L, Saahs C, Vagedes J, Kapócs G, Kovács Z, Sterner MG, Szőke H

Received 6 September 2018

Accepted for publication 3 December 2018

Published 14 January 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 307—315

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S186659

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael Schatman


István Molnár,1 Gabriella Hegyi,1,2 Lajos Zsom,3 Christine Saahs,4,5 Jan Vagedes,6,7 Gábor Kapócs,8 Zoltán Kovács,1 Martin-Günther Sterner,9 Henrik Szőke1,2

1Doctoral School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary; 2Department of CAM, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary; 3Department of Nephrology, Fresenius Medical Care, Cegléd, Hungary; 4Department of Pediatrics, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; 5Pediatric Outpatient Department, Krems, Austria; 6University Children’s Hospital, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany; 7Department of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, ARCIM Institute (Academic Research in Complementary and Integrative Medicine), Filderstadt, Germany; 8Department of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Saint John Hospital, Budapest, Hungary; 9Department of Medical Clinics I, Klinikum Niederlausitz, Lauchhammer, Germany

Background: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant disease with a high mortality rate and severe pain that is challenging to manage. To reduce the excruciating abdominal pain, opioids and adjuvant agents are conventionally used.
Objectives: PRNCPB is a treatment of neural therapy. The number of studies assessing the effect on patients’ QoL is limited and inconsistent. With this study, we intended to address this issue.
Study design: A prospective nonrandomized study with a series of cases of unresectable pancreatic cancer was conducted.
Setting: The study was performed at our pain clinic under real life conditions.
Materials and methods: A total number of 16 patients with severe abdominal pain were enrolled in the study all of whom had responded to combined systemic analgesic therapy inadequately and had intolerable side effects contraindicating further increase in dose. The efficacy of this invasive, palliative analgesic procedure was evaluated 35 days after PRNCPB was performed. Primary outcomes were changed in pain intensity using the VAS questionnaire. Secondary outcomes were improved in QoL using the SF-36 questionnaire. Changes in pain medications and adverse reactions were monitored.
Results: After PRNCPB patients experienced a significant decrease (P=0.002) in pain intensity as shown by the VAS score, and a decreased opiate demand. Their QoL scores considering effect sizes also improved (P<0.001). No complications attributable to PRNCPB were observed during the study period. Additionally, no adverse drug reactions were observed.
Limitations: Detection, observation, and reporting bias can be estimated as moderate. Selection bias was not detected.
Conclusion: Our results give preliminary evidence that PRNCPB might be helpful as an additional treatment to conventional pain management in end-stage pancreatic cancer patients. PRNCPB seems to improve QoL in these patients in a time frame of at least 5 weeks after intervention.

Keywords: pancreatic cancer, cancer pain, celiac plexus, neural therapy, plexus block, palliative care, quality of life
 

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