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CCNY Accelerates Cylcin E Expression to Regulate the Proliferation of Laryngeal Carcinoma Cells via MEK/ERK Signaling Pathway

Authors Zhao X, Jiang M, Wang Z, Chen X, Wang H, Yue W, Cai C

Received 16 December 2019

Accepted for publication 27 May 2020

Published 23 June 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 4889—4898

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S241620

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo


Xiaoting Zhao,1,2 Mei Jiang,1,2 Ziyu Wang,2 Xiaohong Chen,3 Hongzhen Wang,4 Wentao Yue,1 Chao Cai5,6

1Central Laboratory, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University/Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute, Tongzhou, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Oncology, Rizhao City Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Rizhao, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 5Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 6Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University/Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute, Tongzhou, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Chao Cai; Wentao Yue Email fangzecai@126.com; yuewt@ccmu.edu.cn

Background: Laryngeal carcinoma is a common cancer among head and neck tumors, accounting for 0.5– 1% new cancer cases or deaths of all tumors throughout the body. Despite improvements in diagnostic and therapy, the prognosis of laryngeal carcinoma patients still remains poor. Thus, it is very important to identify the biomarkers involved in the molecular pathogenesis of laryngeal carcinoma. Cyclin Y (CCNY) is a conserved cell cycle regulator that acts as a growth factor in many cancers. The clinical significance of CCNY in laryngeal carcinoma remains unknown. The function of CCNY in laryngocarcinoma was studied in this paper.
Materials and Methods: CCNY knock-out cells were constructed by CRISPR/CAS9 technique. CCNY overexpression cells were also constructed based on CCNY knock-out cells. Cell growth ability was detected by MTS assay, high-content cell analysis, colony formation assays, and anchorage-independent growth assays. The protein levels in laryngocarcinoma cells were determined by Western blot. The role of CCNY in cell cycle progression was evaluated by flow cytometry.
Results: CCNY knock-out cells and CCNY up-regulation cell models were obtained successfully. Suppression of CCNY expression inhibited Hep2 cell growth. Cell growth was enhanced by the up-regulation of CCNY. The percentage of cells in G1 phase was altered when CCNY expression was down-regulated or up-regulated. The phosphorylation level of MEK and ERK as well as cyclin E protein level was also regulated by the expression level of CCNY.
Conclusion: In laryngocarcinoma cell line Hep2 cells, cell proliferation was controlled by CCNY. The expression of CCNY was involved in the cell cycle progress of Hep2 cells. It indicated that CCNY could promote cell growth by activating MEK/ERK/cyclin E signaling pathway.

Keywords: laryngocarcinoma, CCNY, cell cycle, ERK, cyclin E

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